Role of hepatic STAT3 in the regulation of lipid metabolism.

Department of Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Metabolism, and Endocrinology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.
The Kobe journal of medical sciences 02/2008; 54(4):E200-8.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Regulation of hepatic gene expression is largely responsible for the control of nutrient metabolism. We previously showed that the transcription factor STAT3 regulates glucose homeostasis by suppressing the expression of gluconeogenic genes in the liver. However, the role of STAT3 in the control of lipid metabolism has remained unknown. We have now investigated the effects of hepatic overexpression of STAT3, achieved by adenovirus-mediated gene transfer, on glucose and lipid metabolism in insulin-resistant diabetic mice. Forced expression of STAT3 reduced blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations as well as the hepatic abundance of mRNA for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. However, it also increased the plasma levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol without affecting those of low density lipoprotein- or high density lipoprotein-cholesterol. The hepatic abundance of mRNAs for fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase, both of which catalyze the synthesis of fatty acids, was increased by overexpression of STAT3, whereas that of mRNAs for sterol regulatory element-binding proteins 1a, 1c, or 2 was unaffected. Moreover, the amount of mRNA for acyl-CoA oxidase, which contributes to beta-oxidation, was decreased by forced expression of STAT3. These results indicate that forced activation of STAT3 signaling in the liver of insulin-resistant diabetic mice increased the circulating levels of atherogenic lipids through changes in the hepatic expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism. Furthermore, these alterations in hepatic gene expression likely occurred through a mechanism independent of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: JAK-STAT signaling pathway plays an important role in the cells' development and homeostasis. Over the past decades, the studies have identified the role of the JAK-STAT pathway in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Here, we want to discuss that whether and how the JAK-STAT pathway affects the lipid metabolism of adipose tissue. A host of cytokines and hormones can regulate lipid metabolism through activating the JAK-STAT signaling pathway. Activated STATs can regulate lipid metabolism directly by influencing the expression of enzymes. We have summarized the relevant research and articles of JAK-STAT during the recent years. Within this review, we will introduce you the recent research and highlight the unresolved problems in understanding how JAK-STAT signaling pathway contribute to the lipid metabolism in mature adipocytes and preadipocytes. Dysregulation of the JAK-STAT pathway would lead to a multiple metabolism disorders and medicines for this signaling pathway maybe become a new idea for diseases such as metabolic syndrome, especially in children.
    JAK-STAT. 10/2013; 2(4):e27203.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) plays an important role in energy metabolism. Here we explore whether STAT3 common variations influence risks of obesity and other metabolic disorders in a Chinese Han population. Two tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (tagSNPs), rs1053005 and rs957970, were used to capture the common variations of STAT3. Relationships between genotypes and obesity, body mass index, plasma triglyceride and other metabolic diseases related parameters were analyzed for association study in 1742 subjects. Generalized linear model and logistic regression model were used for quantitative data analysis and case-control study, respectively. rs1053005 was significantly associated with body mass index and waist circumference (p = 0.013 and p = 0.02, respectively). rs957970 was significantly associated with plasma level of triglyceride (p = 0.007). GG genotype at rs1053005 had lower risks of both general obesity and central obesity (OR = 0.40, p = 0.034; OR = 0.42, p = 0.007, respectively) compared with AA genotype. CT genotype at rs957970 had a higher risk of hypertriglyceridemia (OR = 1.43, p = 0.015) compared with TT genotype. Neither of the two SNPs was associated with othermetabolic diseases related parameters. Our observations indicated that common variations of STAT3 could significantly affect the risk of obesity and hypertriglyceridemia in Chinese Han population.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 07/2014; 15(7):12258-12269. · 2.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepatic insulin resistance is a key contributor to the pathogenesis of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Paradoxically, the development of insulin resistance in the liver is not universal, but pathway selective, such that insulin fails to suppress gluconeogenesis but promotes lipogenesis, contributing to the hyperglycemia, steatosis, and hypertriglyceridemia that underpin the deteriorating glucose control and microvascular complications in T2D. The molecular basis for the pathway-specific insulin resistance remains unknown. Here we report that oxidative stress accompanying obesity inactivates protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) in the liver to activate select signaling pathways that exacerbate disease progression. In obese mice, hepatic PTPN2 (TCPTP) inactivation promoted lipogenesis and steatosis and insulin-STAT-5 signaling. The enhanced STAT-5 signaling increased hepatic IGF-1 production, which suppressed central growth hormone release and exacerbated the development of obesity and T2D. Our studies define a mechanism for the development of selective insulin resistance with wide-ranging implications for diseases characterized by oxidative stress.
    Cell metabolism. 06/2014;


Available from