Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide on the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase-Protein Kinase B Pathway and on Caerulein-Induced Cytokine Production in Isolated Mouse Pancreatic Acinar Cells

Department of Pharmacology, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117456.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (Impact Factor: 3.89). 04/2009; 329(3):1166-77. DOI: 10.1124/jpet.109.150532
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have shown earlier that mouse pancreatic acinar cells produce hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and play a role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. It is noteworthy that recent evidence indicates that H(2)S has anti-inflammatory effects. To date, the mechanism by which H(2)S directly reduces inflammation has not been elucidated. In the present study, we hypothesized that H(2)S inhibits the production of proinflammatory cytokines by activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway. Pancreatic acinar cells were treated with the H(2)S donor, sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) (5, 10, and 30 microM). To better understand the effect of H(2)S in inflammation, pancreatic acinar cells were stimulated with caerulein after the addition of NaHS (5, 10, and 30 microM). We observed that H(2)S at the 5 microM concentration down-regulates the activation of NF-kappaB and degradation of IkappaB alpha. However, H(2)S (5 microM) activates PI3K as reflected by AKT phosphorylation. We found that H(2)S-mediated activation of PI3K in caerulein-treated acinar cells correlated with the down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, whereas phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinases was unchanged. The PI3K inhibitor LY294002 [2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one hydrochloride] abolished the H(2)S-mediated activation of AKT and increases tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1beta levels in caerulein-treated acinar cells. These findings indicate that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase plays a negative role in NaHS-treated pancreatic acinar cells and suggest a role for H(2)S in the PI3K/AKT pathway in acute pancreatitis.

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