Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide on the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase-Protein Kinase B Pathway and on Caerulein-Induced Cytokine Production in Isolated Mouse Pancreatic Acinar Cells
ABSTRACT We have shown earlier that mouse pancreatic acinar cells produce hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and play a role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. It is noteworthy that recent evidence indicates that H(2)S has anti-inflammatory effects. To date, the mechanism by which H(2)S directly reduces inflammation has not been elucidated. In the present study, we hypothesized that H(2)S inhibits the production of proinflammatory cytokines by activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathway. Pancreatic acinar cells were treated with the H(2)S donor, sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) (5, 10, and 30 microM). To better understand the effect of H(2)S in inflammation, pancreatic acinar cells were stimulated with caerulein after the addition of NaHS (5, 10, and 30 microM). We observed that H(2)S at the 5 microM concentration down-regulates the activation of NF-kappaB and degradation of IkappaB alpha. However, H(2)S (5 microM) activates PI3K as reflected by AKT phosphorylation. We found that H(2)S-mediated activation of PI3K in caerulein-treated acinar cells correlated with the down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 phosphorylation, whereas phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase and mitogen-activated protein kinases was unchanged. The PI3K inhibitor LY294002 [2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-1(4H)-benzopyran-4-one hydrochloride] abolished the H(2)S-mediated activation of AKT and increases tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin 1beta levels in caerulein-treated acinar cells. These findings indicate that the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase plays a negative role in NaHS-treated pancreatic acinar cells and suggest a role for H(2)S in the PI3K/AKT pathway in acute pancreatitis.
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ABSTRACT: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a well-known toxic gas that is synthesized in the human body from the amino acids cystathionine, homocysteine, and cysteine by the action of at least two distinct enzymes: cystathionine-γ-lyase and cystathionine-β-synthase. In the past few years, H2S has emerged as a novel and increasingly important biological mediator. Imbalances in H2S have also been shown to be associated with various disease conditions. However, defining the precise pathophysiology of H2S is proving to be a complex challenge. Recent research in our laboratory has shown H2S as a novel mediator of inflammation and work in several groups worldwide is currently focused on determining the role of H2S in inflammation. H2S has been implicated in different inflammatory conditions, such as acute pancreatitis, sepsis, joint inflammation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Active research on the role of H2S in inflammation will unravel the pathophysiology of its actions in inflammatory conditions and may help develop novel therapeutic approaches for several, as yet incurable, disease conditions.01/2012; 2012:159680. DOI:10.6064/2012/159680
Shock 01/2009; 31 (Suppl 17). · 2.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Deregulated secretion of adipokines contributes to subclinical systemic inflammation associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the mechanisms underlying are not fully understood. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), as an endogenous gasotransmitter, possesses an anti-inflammation activity. The aim of this study was to examine the possible involvement of H2S in high glucose induced adipokine secretion in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Methods: The expression of cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE), the H2S-forming enzyme, was evaluated by Western-blotting and real-time PCR. The secretion of TNF-alpha, MCP-1 and adiponectin was determined by radioimmunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. Lentiviral empty vector and vector expressing mouse CSE were used for in vitro transduction. Results: High glucose (HG) significantly decreased CSE expression at both protein and mRNA levels in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. In parallel, HG significantly increased secretion of MCP-1 while decreasing secretion of adiponectin, but had no effect on secretion of TNF-alpha. HG induced changes in MCP-1 and adiponectin secretion were partly attenuated by forced expression of CSE or sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a source of exogenous H2S. Conclusion: High glucose induces aberrant secretion of adipokines in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes, favoring inflammation. The mechanism is partly related to inhibition of CSE/H2S system.Lipids in Health and Disease 10/2014; 13(1):155. DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-13-155 · 2.31 Impact Factor