FOXO3a is involved in the apoptosis of naked oocytes and oocytes of primordial follicles from neonatal rat ovaries
ABSTRACT Inhibition of the forkhead transcription factor, FOXO3a, can promote the transition from primordial to primary follicle and subsequent follicle development in mammalian ovaries. Stem cell factor (SCF) initiates anti-apoptotic signaling from its membrane receptor, c-kit, to Bcl-2 family members through PI3K/AKT in oocytes of primordial follicles. However, whether FOXO3a mediates the apoptosis of naked oocytes and oocytes of primordial follicles remains unknown. In the present study, oocytes from nests and primordial follicles from neonatal rat ovaries were cultured, and oocyte apoptosis was examined using the TUNEL technique. The pro-apoptotic action of FOXO3a and the potential signal transduction pathways were investigated using RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunocytochemistry. Culturing oocytes in the presence of SCF did not affect the level of total FOXO3a protein, but rapidly elevated the level of phosphorylated FOXO3a (indicating functional suppression). As phosphorylated FOXO3a increased, oocyte apoptosis was inhibited. The specific PI3K/Akt inhibitor, LY 294002, abolished the phosphorylation of FOXO3a and the anti-apoptotic action of SCF. SCF down-regulated the expression of p27KIP1 and pro-apoptotic factors such as Bim, Bad, and Bax, and this activity was reversed by LY 294002. SCF up-regulated the expression of MnSOD, which was also inhibited by LY 294002. However, SCF had no effect on Bcl-2 protein. These results suggest that FOXO3a is involved in oocyte apoptosis in the neonatal rat ovary, and the SCF-PI3K/Akt-FOXO3a signaling pathway mediates oocyte apoptosis and primordial follicle formation.
- SourceAvailable from: Carlos G Gutierrez
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The complex [bis(8-quinolyloxyethyl)ether-H3+O]3[La(NO3)6] has been prepared and its structure has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This compound represents an example of a hydronium ion complex with an acyclic bis(quinolyl)-terminated oligoether, which forms a counter ion for the complex anion [La(NO3)6]3-. The cations are stabilized by three hydrogen bonds. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science LtdPolyhedron 01/1996; 15(19):3219-3223. DOI:10.1016/0277-5387(96)00036-8 · 2.05 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The mesonephros is often regarded as a simplified version of the terminal renal organ, the metanephros. Both renal organs result from an epithelio-mesenchymal interaction between the Wolffian duct and the nephrogenic ridge. It appears that the epithelio-mesenchymal interaction makes use of similar signal cascades for both renal organs and that key events required for the development of the metanephros occur at earlier stages. In murine metanephroi, the stem cell factor (SCF)/-KIT-signal transduction pathway has recently been shown to regulate ureteric bud branching and epithelial cell differentiation. We immunohistochemically defined the time-sequence of KIT and SCF presence in both renal organs using bovine embryos/foetuses with crown rump length (CRL) of 1.7-24 cm. In the mesonephroi, epithelial cells with strong KIT staining were scattered in distal tubules, and SCF was expressed in the epithelial wall of corpuscles and proximal tubules. KIT positivity occurred in the metanephroi of embryos prior to SCF; KIT was predominantly localised at the ureteric bud tips in the nephrogenic zone. In foetuses of 13 cm and more CRL, the SCF/KIT profile of developmentally advanced nephrons mirrored the situation in the mesonephros. Epithelial cells with strong KIT staining were scattered in the cortical areas of distal tubules, while SCF was expressed in the epithelial wall of corpuscles and proximal tubules. Our morphological findings agree with a potential role of KIT at the ureteric bud tips and demonstrate a similar expression of KIT and SCF along the areas of developmentally advanced mesonephric and metanephric nephrons.Histochemie 02/2010; 133(4):417-24. DOI:10.1007/s00418-010-0677-y · 2.93 Impact Factor