Characterization of lipid binding specificities of dysferlin C2 domains reveals novel interactions with phosphoinositides.
ABSTRACT Dysferlin is a type II transmembrane protein implicated in Ca(2+)-dependent sarcolemmal membrane repair. Dysferlin has seven C2 domains, which are lipid and protein binding modules. In this study, we sought to characterize the lipid binding specificity of dysferlin's seven C2 domains. Dysferlin's C2A domain was able to bind to phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate [PtdIns(4)P], and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P(2)] in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion. The remainder of the C2 domains exhibited weaker and Ca(2+)-independent binding to PS and no significant binding to phosphoinositides.
Article: Dysferlin aggregation in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B/myoshi myopathy necessitates mutational screen for diagnosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction: Diagnosis of the limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) has been facilitated by the use of immunofluorescence microscopy, Western blot analysis, and rapid genetic testing. Methods: We identified 7 patients with LGMD2B or Miyoshi myopathy (MM) phenotypes and performed detailed history, physical examination, and mutation analyses of genomic DNA. Results: Ten disease-causing variants of the dysferlin gene (DYSF) were detected, 4 of which were novel and predicted to be pathogenic (IVS33+9G>T, c.1343T>C, c.4747T>G, and c.5066dupC). Two of these mutations (c.1343T>C and IVS33+9G>T) were associated with a reduction in sarcolemmal dysferlin expression, despite increased total mRNA and protein in mixed muscle homogenates, due to a pathological retention of the mutated polypeptide in the cytoplasm. Conclusions: Considering that protein-based assays may yield false negative test results and that dysferlin aggregation may be present in other LGMDs, mutational screening is necessary for specific diagnosis in primary dysferlinopathy patients exhibiting this phenotype. Muscle Nerve, 2013.Muscle & Nerve 09/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor
Article: Dysferlin forms a dimer mediated by the C2 domains and the transmembrane domain in vitro and in living cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dysferlin was previously identified as a key player in muscle membrane repair and its deficiency leads to the development of muscular dystrophy and cardiomyopathy. However, little is known about the oligomerization of this protein in the plasma membrane. Here we report for the first time that dysferlin forms a dimer in vitro and in living adult skeletal muscle fibers isolated from mice. Endogenous dysferlin from rabbit skeletal muscle exists primarily as a ∼460 kDa species in detergent-solubilized muscle homogenate, as shown by sucrose gradient fractionation, gel filtration and cross-linking assays. Fluorescent protein (YFP) labeled human dysferlin forms a dimer in vitro, as demonstrated by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and photon counting histogram (PCH) analyses. Dysferlin also dimerizes in living cells, as probed by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Domain mapping FRET experiments showed that dysferlin dimerization is mediated by its transmembrane domain and by multiple C2 domains. However, C2A did not significantly contribute to dimerization; notably, this is the only C2 domain in dysferlin known to engage in a Ca-dependent interaction with cell membranes. Taken together, the data suggest that Ca-insensitive C2 domains mediate high affinity self-association of dysferlin in a parallel homodimer, leaving the Ca-sensitive C2A domain free to interact with membranes.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(11):e27884. · 4.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dysferlin is a multi-C2 domain transmembrane protein involved in a plethora of cellular functions, most notably in skeletal muscle membrane repair, but also in myogenesis, cellular adhesion and intercellular calcium signaling. We previously showed that dysferlin interacts with alpha-tubulin and microtubules in muscle cells. Microtubules are heavily reorganized during myogenesis to sustain growth and elongation of the nascent muscle fiber. Microtubule function is regulated by post-translational modifications, such as acetylation of its alpha-tubulin subunit, which is modulated by the histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) enzyme. In this study, we identified HDAC6 as a novel dysferlin-binding partner. Dysferlin prevents HDAC6 from deacetylating alpha-tubulin by physically binding to both the enzyme, via its C2D domain, and to the substrate, alpha-tubulin, via its C2A and C2B domains. We further show that dysferlin expression promotes alpha-tubulin acetylation, as well as increased microtubule resistance to, and recovery from, Nocodazole- and cold-induced depolymerization. By selectively inhibiting HDAC6 using Tubastatin A, we demonstrate that myotube formation was impaired when alpha-tubulin was hyperacetylated early in the myogenic process; however, myotube elongation occurred when alpha-tubulin was hyperacetylated in myotubes. This study suggests a novel role for dysferlin in myogenesis and identifies HDAC6 as a novel dysferlin-interacting protein.PLoS ONE 01/2011; 6(12):e28563. · 4.09 Impact Factor