Factors influencing the pattern of self-medication in an adult Nigerian population

Department of Dental Services, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Annals of African medicine 10/2008; 7(3):120-7. DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55666
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite the growing research interest in self-medication, little information has been available about its major determinants especially in developing countries. This informed the conduct of this study to determine the major factors that influence the pattern of self medication in a population of market women in Ifako-Ijaiye area of Lagos, Nigeria.
Interviewer administered pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data from 205 market women selected by multistage sampling technique.
The patent medicine dealers were the commonest source of information on medications (31.4%) and where they were obtained (52.2%). The exceptions were the educated (62.5%) respondents who obtained theirs from hospitals and pharmacies. Trade and generic names (61.1%) were common means of drug recognition especially among the educated respondents (P<.05). Education of the respondents was the major factor influencing the practice of self-medication though the pattern was descriptively associated with the marital status and educational level of the respondents (P<.05). Benefits of the practice includes in the order: curing of ailments (58.0%), saving time and money (32.0%) and independence of care (7.0%).
Literacy and public health education were the major factors influencing the pattern of self-medication among market women. Recommendations on the role of education of market women, patent medicine dealers and the importance of community pharmacy were suggested.

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    • "People are being encouraged to monitor their own illnesses, prevent diseases and improve or maintain their health [1]. Self-medication is a common practice worldwide [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]. Several benefits have been linked to appropriate self-medication, among them: increased access to medication and relief for the patient, the active role of the patient in his or her own health care, better use of physicians and pharmacists' skills and reduced cost of treatment for minor health conditions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This research aims to describe the extent of self-medication, assess possible factors associated with it, identify patients' reasons for self-medication and their attitudes towards the role of pharmacists in self-care so that future interventions can be documented and planned. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire was conducted. Questionnaires were distributed randomly to 565 persons from all over the West Bank. The questionnaire covered self-medication purchases and experience with minor illnesses. Results: From 565 people approached. 400 (70.8%) agreed to participate in the study Self-medication was reported by 87.0% (n = 348) of cases interviewed, among them 224 (56.0%) used at least one medication without consulting a doctor in the previous month. Analgesics were the most common class used in self-medication by 317 (79.2%) respondents, followed by flu medications (233, 45.3%), and antibiotics (132, 33.0%). The majority reported that they selected medications based on selfdecision and previous use (233, 58.2%). Advice received from pharmacists was another important factor in 216 (54.0%). The most common reasons for self-medication were: their ailments being minor (341, 85.2%) and they had this medical problem before 198 (49.5%). Among 397 respondents, 335 (84.4%) either strongly agreed or agreed that the community pharmacists play an important role in providing advice - when needed - for self-medication. Conclusions: Self-medication practices have been common among people in Palestine. There has been a high rate of using antibiotics without prescription, which requires suitable regulations and interventions to solve this problem. The results have shown a positive attitude towards the role of pharmacists in self-care. Community pharmacists have the potential to make a huge impact in ensuring that medicines are used appropriately.
    International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 04/2013; 51(07). DOI:10.5414/CP201814 · 1.04 Impact Factor
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    • "et al., 2009 ). In Nigeria , previous studies have concen - trated on general self-medication practices among the population ( Afolabi , 2008 ) and health care workers ( Bamgboye et al . , 2006 ) . "
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    ABSTRACT: Self-medication is becoming a common type of self-care behavior among the population of many countries. Many international studies have investigated the prevalence and nature of self-medication practices at the population level. In Nigeria, some workers have also looked at the population prevalence of self-medication in general; however the prevalence of antibiotic self-medication among medical undergraduates has not yet been studied. The interest in studying this practice among this select group is due to the fact that they are the future prescribers and health educators of the population of Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional pre-tested questionnaire-based study carried out among medical students of the Bayero University, Kano, North-West Nigeria during a two-week period in August 2008. The information from the returned questionnaire were coded, entered and analyzed using SPSS Version 12 statistical software. A total of 183 students filled and returned the questionnaire giving a response rate of 83.2%. Out of these respondents, 120 (65.6%) were males and the mean age of respondents was 23.2 ± 2.5 years (Range 17 to 31). 71 (38.8%) of the medical students admitted to the practice and there was no statistically significant difference among the different levels of medical education (p >0.05). Antibiotics from the penicillin group (ampicillin/cloxacillin, amoxicillin and ampicillin) were the most frequently used. Self-medication with antibiotics is prevalent among medical undergraduates in Northern Nigeria. There is a need for an intervention to address this practice.
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    ABSTRACT: Original Article TRENDS OF SELF MEDICATION IN PATIENTS WITH ACNE VULGARIS Tanzeela Khalid1 , Tariq Iqbal2 1Department of Dermatology, University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad 2Department of Surgery, Allied Hospital, Faisalabad ABSTRACT Back ground: Self medication is a norm in our country. One factor probably contributing to this phenomenon is over the counter sale of almost all medication without any regulation. In our dermatology practice, we frequently encounter patients with acne vulgaris deteriorated by topical use of self medication. However, there is very little data to support this in our set up. Objective: To determine the percentage of acne patients using self medication in our population. Design: A cross-sectional survey. Patients and methods: One hundred and fifty patients, of any age and either sex, presenting at outpatient dermatology clinics (Madina Teaching Hospital and Faisal Hospital, Faisalabad), from June to September 2009, for the treatment of acne vulgaris were included. An in-person interview using a questionnaire was conducted. They were asked about the use of self medication for their disease. Details of type of medication, its effects on disease and the source of advice were also noted. Objective assessment of acne grade was done by trained dermatology personnel. Data was analyzed using micro software SPSS version 17. Results: Show that 115(77%) patients had used self medication. Potent topical steroids were used by 72(48%) patients. Majority of the patients received the advice about self medication from their friends (31%) or relatives (27%). Temporary improvement was noticed by 47% of those who used self medication. Conclusion: A significantly high percentage of patients (77%) in our population use self medication for acne vulgaris. Keywords: Self medication, acne vulgaris, topical steroids
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