Factors influencing the pattern of self-medication in an adult Nigerian population.

Department of Dental Services, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Annals of African medicine 10/2008; 7(3):120-7. DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55666
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite the growing research interest in self-medication, little information has been available about its major determinants especially in developing countries. This informed the conduct of this study to determine the major factors that influence the pattern of self medication in a population of market women in Ifako-Ijaiye area of Lagos, Nigeria.
Interviewer administered pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data from 205 market women selected by multistage sampling technique.
The patent medicine dealers were the commonest source of information on medications (31.4%) and where they were obtained (52.2%). The exceptions were the educated (62.5%) respondents who obtained theirs from hospitals and pharmacies. Trade and generic names (61.1%) were common means of drug recognition especially among the educated respondents (P<.05). Education of the respondents was the major factor influencing the practice of self-medication though the pattern was descriptively associated with the marital status and educational level of the respondents (P<.05). Benefits of the practice includes in the order: curing of ailments (58.0%), saving time and money (32.0%) and independence of care (7.0%).
Literacy and public health education were the major factors influencing the pattern of self-medication among market women. Recommendations on the role of education of market women, patent medicine dealers and the importance of community pharmacy were suggested.

1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the extent and pattern of use of herbal bitters among students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study where pre-tested structured questionnaires were administered to 1000 students. The questionnaire elicited information on the extent and pattern of use, self-reported indications, side effects experienced and possible drugs that were concomitantly co-administered with herbal bitters. Pearson Chi square, Fisher exact test and Relative risk ratio were used to detect association between gender and self-reported indications and side effects experienced with herbal bitters at a level of significance of p < 0.05. Results: The response rate and extent of use were 96 % and 40.9 % respectively. Herbal bitters were used for claims such as cleansers 88 (40.2 %), anti-infectives 48 (21.1 %), for rejuvenation 32 (14.0 %), and for weight loss 14 (6.1 %). Self-reported side effects included dizziness 49 (22.0 %), loss of taste 46 (20.6 %) and nausea and vomiting 22 (9.7 %). Herbal bitters were also co-administered with anti-malarials 22 (6.3 %); analgesics 16 (4.5 %) and herbal supplements 13 (3.7 %). Reports of students using two different types of herbal bitter concurrently 15 (3.9 %) were also garnered. Male students experienced more side effects than females (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The co-administration of herbal bitters with allopathic medicines and the use of more than one herbal bitter at a time reported in this study can be addressed by the appropriate health authorities through proper educational programme.
    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 10/2014; 13(10):1707-1712. DOI:10.4314/tjpr.v13i10.20 · 0.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the extent of work-related injuries and illnesses, access to first aid, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), fire safety measures and hand hygiene practices among vehicle repair artisans. Materials and Methods: Study respondents were 100 vehicle repair artisans comprising of 28 Auto mechanics, 20 electricians, 26 welders, 18 sprayers, and 8 automobile interior designers selected by simple random sampling. Semi-structured questionnaires, extensive field observations and key informant interviews were used to collect primary data in 2013/2014 and analyzed with Minitab version 16 in 2014. Results: Close to two-thirds (64%) of the artisans have sustained work-related injuries mostly resulting from cuts and burns. Respondents’ marital status (P = 0.014) and the type of work (P = 0.037) were found to be significantly associated with the incidence of physical injury, in contrast to their level of education (P = 0.874) and work experience (P = 0.203). Seventy-eight percent of the artisans lack training in fire safety and besides, basic firefighting equipment are non-existent in the workshops visited. Self-medication after injury (55%; N = 64) and ignorance in first aid administration (92%) are common among the artisans. Further, due to the physical exertions required by their work, most artisans (N = 57) experience musculoskeletal disorders. Use of PPE (27%) and proper hand hygiene practices (28%; N = 98) are generally ignored by the artisans posing possible health risks. Conclusions: Vehicle repair workers need to be educated on the dangers associated with their work and the best practices to be adopted to curb or forestall these risks.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of self-medication among urban and rural population of Islamabad, Pakistan. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 500 participants using random sampling method. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data from urban and rural areas of Islamabad. Chi square/Fisher’s exact test was used to compare two groups. Results: Overall, 61.2% of participants practised self-medication and it was more prevalent among 15-30 years age group. An association was found between self- medication and residence, gender, and education (p<0.05). A majority of participants (n = 364, 72.8%) trusted Allopathic system the most. Pain was the most likely indication (n = 207, 67.6%) for which participants self-medicated (p<0.05). Analgesics were the most likely (n = 187, 61.1%) medicine class used (p<0.05), majorly, paracetamol. Mild illness (n = 128, 41.8%) was determined as the most common reason (p<0.05). Generally, higher proportion of urban participants reported “previous experience” and “time saving” as the most common reason for the practice of self-medication in contrast to “economical” and “lack of health care facilities” described by rural participants. A majority of the participants (n = 186, 60.8%) self-medicated on their own initiative (p<0.001). Generally, higher percentage of urban participants reported family/friends (27.9% versus 15.7%) as the commonest source in contrast to medical professionals (21.6% versus 5.2%) reported by rural respondents. Conclusion: This study shows an association between self-medication and gender, residence, and education. Urban and rural participants significantly differ on the most common reason, symptom, source and class of drug used for self-medication.
    Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 05/2014; 13(4):627-633. DOI:10.4314/tjpr.v13i4.22 · 0.50 Impact Factor


Available from