Factors influencing the pattern of self-medication in an adult Nigerian population

Department of Dental Services, Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Annals of African medicine 10/2008; 7(3):120-7. DOI: 10.4103/1596-3519.55666
Source: PubMed


Despite the growing research interest in self-medication, little information has been available about its major determinants especially in developing countries. This informed the conduct of this study to determine the major factors that influence the pattern of self medication in a population of market women in Ifako-Ijaiye area of Lagos, Nigeria.
Interviewer administered pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data from 205 market women selected by multistage sampling technique.
The patent medicine dealers were the commonest source of information on medications (31.4%) and where they were obtained (52.2%). The exceptions were the educated (62.5%) respondents who obtained theirs from hospitals and pharmacies. Trade and generic names (61.1%) were common means of drug recognition especially among the educated respondents (P<.05). Education of the respondents was the major factor influencing the practice of self-medication though the pattern was descriptively associated with the marital status and educational level of the respondents (P<.05). Benefits of the practice includes in the order: curing of ailments (58.0%), saving time and money (32.0%) and independence of care (7.0%).
Literacy and public health education were the major factors influencing the pattern of self-medication among market women. Recommendations on the role of education of market women, patent medicine dealers and the importance of community pharmacy were suggested.

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    • "Study from South Africa had shown very high prevalence of self-medication (93-98%). However, the definition used in this study was ever exposed to the practice of self-medication among women 16-65 years.[18] "
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    ABSTRACT: Self medication is an important concern for health authorities at global level. This study was aimed to find the prevalence of self medication for allopathic drugs and associated factors among households of urban community. This study was also aimed at assessing the attitude of respondents who had experienced self-medication. This cross-sectional study was done in field practice area attached to a medical institution in urban Puducherry. A total of 352 subjects from 124 households were selected by random sampling. With pretested interview schedule, information regarding self-medication use in the past three months and associated sociodemographic factors, purpose, source of drug procurement, attitude toward self-medication use were collected. Prevalence of self-medication was found to be 11.9%. Males, age >40 years and involving in moderate level activity of occupation, were found to be significantly associated with higher self-medication usage (P < 0.05). Fever (31%), headache (19%), and abdominal pain (16.7%) are most common illnesses where self-medication is being used. Telling the symptoms to pharmacist (38.1%) was the commonest method adopted to procure drugs by the users. Majority of the self-medication users expressed that self-medication is harmless (66.6%) and they are going to use (90%) and advice others also (73.8%) to use self-medication drugs. Self-medication is an important health issue in this area. Health education of the public and regulation of pharmacies may help in limiting the self-medication practices.
    Perspectives in clinical research 03/2014; 5(1):32-6. DOI:10.4103/2229-3485.124569
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    • "The use of medications in combinations was low in the extremes of ages. This low prevalence among the elderly agrees with an earlier study (Afolabi, 2008; Angeles, 1992), while high prevalence among the younger age groups have been reported (Afolabi, 2008; Awad et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Self-medication is a common practice in developing countries like Nigeria, the health consequences notwithstanding. We assessed the prevalence of self-medication in Ado-Ekiti and identified the predisposing factors. In a prospective study, we evaluated prevalence of self-medication in 1600 adults of Odo-Ado community in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State using a systematic cross-sectional method of sampling. The data were collected by the aid of structured, pre-tested open-and closed-ended questionnaire. The respondent level was 1422 (88.9%) and 1249 (80.8%) persons reported the use of medicines without prescription. High cost of drugs, availability of drugs at informal sectors and peer influence were the major factors that predispose to self-medication. Headache, fever, cough and abdominal pain were the commonest illnesses that led to these self-medication practices. We concluded that there is a high prevalence of self-medication in Odo-Ado community and this is comparable to levels reported in other West African countries. Though this practice is hard to eliminate, public enlightenment would be of utmost importance in curbing it.
    The Journal of international medical research 04/2013; 3(4):53-57. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    • "People are being encouraged to monitor their own illnesses, prevent diseases and improve or maintain their health [1]. Self-medication is a common practice worldwide [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]. Several benefits have been linked to appropriate self-medication, among them: increased access to medication and relief for the patient, the active role of the patient in his or her own health care, better use of physicians and pharmacists' skills and reduced cost of treatment for minor health conditions. "
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This research aims to describe the extent of self-medication, assess possible factors associated with it, identify patients' reasons for self-medication and their attitudes towards the role of pharmacists in self-care so that future interventions can be documented and planned. Methods: A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire was conducted. Questionnaires were distributed randomly to 565 persons from all over the West Bank. The questionnaire covered self-medication purchases and experience with minor illnesses. Results: From 565 people approached. 400 (70.8%) agreed to participate in the study Self-medication was reported by 87.0% (n = 348) of cases interviewed, among them 224 (56.0%) used at least one medication without consulting a doctor in the previous month. Analgesics were the most common class used in self-medication by 317 (79.2%) respondents, followed by flu medications (233, 45.3%), and antibiotics (132, 33.0%). The majority reported that they selected medications based on selfdecision and previous use (233, 58.2%). Advice received from pharmacists was another important factor in 216 (54.0%). The most common reasons for self-medication were: their ailments being minor (341, 85.2%) and they had this medical problem before 198 (49.5%). Among 397 respondents, 335 (84.4%) either strongly agreed or agreed that the community pharmacists play an important role in providing advice - when needed - for self-medication. Conclusions: Self-medication practices have been common among people in Palestine. There has been a high rate of using antibiotics without prescription, which requires suitable regulations and interventions to solve this problem. The results have shown a positive attitude towards the role of pharmacists in self-care. Community pharmacists have the potential to make a huge impact in ensuring that medicines are used appropriately.
    International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics 04/2013; 51(07). DOI:10.5414/CP201814 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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