Article

Automedicação entre acadêmicos do curso de Medicina da Faculdade de Medicina de Marília, São Paulo

Revista Brasileira de Pesquisa em Saúde 06/2013; 14(4):82-89.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Self-medication is an individual act of acquiring and making use of a drug without a prescrip-tion. This practice presents numerous damages. Studies suggest that factors such as study and profession influence it, being observed in more people linked to healthcare, including medical students. Objective: To describe the practice of self-medication among medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema) -SP, Brasil, and compare it among students at the beginning and at the end of the course. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Participated 362 students, who answered questions about sociodemographic and characterization of the practice of self-medication. For data analysis, the students were divided into two groups, based on the response patterns, being: group 1 (first to fourth grades) and group 2 (fifth to sixth grade). Descriptive analysis of the data was conducted by calculating percentages, means, standard deviations, and compara-tive analysis (chi-square and Fisher's exact). Results: 98,3% of respondents reported practcing self-medication, advising with rela-tives (38,1%) and consulting books before this practice (21,5%). Most of them have used more than five drugs without prescription (26,5%), prevailing analgesics and antipyret-ics (60,5%), with predominant complaint of headache (55,5%). The most widely used justification for the practice was "looking for quick relief of symptoms." Conclusion: There is a need for greater approach on the issue of self-medication in academic activities in medical courses to raise awareness about the risks and provide training of profession-als able to replicate this knowledge.

1 Bookmark
 · 
85 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Self-medication is defined as the use of drugs for the treatment of self-diagnosed disorders. It is influenced by factors such as education, family, society, law, availability of drugs and exposure to advertisements. This study was performed to evaluate self-medication with analgesics and its pattern among different groups of Iranian University Students. A randomized, cross-sectional, multicenter study was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010. The target population of this study was 564 students out of 10,000 students attending four medical and non-medical science universities in Qom state. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16, and analysis was conducted with descriptive analysis procedures. 76.6% of the students had used analgesics in self-medication in the previous 3 months. The frequency of analgesic use in the study period was once in 19.2% of the participants, twice in 22.2%, three times in 16.3% and more than three times in 35.5% of the participants, although 6.8% of them were not sure when they were used. Of all the respondents, 49.8% reported headache as the problem. This was the most common problem, after which came Dysmenorrhea,headache and stomach ache. Bone and joint pains were other problems that led to the use of analgesics. The most commonly used source of information for self-medication with analgesics was advice from friends and family (54.7%), previously prescribed medications (30.1%), their medical knowledge (13.3%) and recommendation of a pharmacist (1.9%). Self-medication with analgesics is very high among Iranian students in Qom city. This could be an index for other parts of the Iranian community. Because the source of information about analgesics is inappropriate, we would recommend education courses about analgesics and self-medication on the radio and television for the entire population.
    Journal of family & community medicine. 05/2012; 19(2):125-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polypharmacy in the elderly complicates therapy, increases cost, and is a challenge for healthcare agencies. In the context of the evolving role of the pharmacist, this systematic review examines the effectiveness of interventions led by pharmacists in reducing polypharmacy. A computerised search was conducted using Medline, Embase geriatrics and gerontology (2001 edition), the Cochrane Library and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases. A manual search of articles on polypharmacy and the role of pharmacists in the therapy of the elderly and of the reference sections of all retrieved articles was also carried out. Search terms used were 'polypharmacy', 'elderly', 'aged', 'intervention' and 'pharmacist(s)'. Articles that fulfilled the following criteria were included: only elderly people were included in the study, or all ages were included but the study gave separate results for the elderly; the outcome was expressed as a reduction in the number of medications; a pharmacist participated in the study; and the study was a controlled or a randomised controlled study. We initially identified 106 articles, but only 14 studies met our four inclusion criteria. Reduction in the number of medications was not the major purpose of most selected studies but often a secondary outcome. Objectives differed, the general aim being to enhance the quality of prescribing in elderly patients. These controlled studies argued in favour of the effectiveness of pharmacists' interventions, even though the number of medications eliminated was small. Most studies were not designed to demonstrate the impact of reducing the number of drugs on the clinical consequences of polypharmacy (nonadherence, adverse drug reactions, drug-drug interactions, increased risk of hospitalisation, and medication errors). The most frequently reported outcome related to cost savings. It was therefore difficult to assess whether the interventions benefited the patient. The methodological quality of many identified studies was poor. In particular, the study objectives were often very broad and ill-defined. Polypharmacy itself has been defined in different ways and the appropriate definition may differ according to the patient population and the study setting. Further studies are needed to find the most effective way to reduce polypharmacy, especially in the frail elderly population, and to quantify the real advantages of simplifying their drug regimens in terms of improved quality of life.
    Drugs & Aging 02/2003; 20(11):817-32. · 2.50 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJETIVO: Realizou-se estudo com base populacional na cidade de Bambuí, MG, com cerca de 15.000 habitantes, para determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados ao uso de automedicação. MÉTODOS: Foi selecionada uma amostra aleatória simples de 1.221 moradores com idade >18 anos: 796 relataram uso de medicamentos nos últimos 90 dias e foram incluídos no estudo (775 participaram). A coleta de dados foi feita por entrevistas domiciliares. Foram considerados três grupos de variáveis exploratórias: sociodemográficas, indicadores de condição de saúde e indicadores de uso de serviços de saúde. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados: teste de qui-quadrado de Pearson e odds ratio ajustados pelo método de regressão logística multinomial. RESULTADOS: Do total de participantes, 419 (54,0%) relataram ter consumido exclusivamente medicamentos prescritos por médicos nos últimos 90 dias, 133 (17,2%) consumiram medicamentos prescritos e não prescritos, e 223 (28,8%) consumiram, exclusivamente medicamentos não prescritos. Após ajustamento por variáveis de confusão, as seguintes variáveis apresentaram associações com o uso exclusivo de automedicação: sexo feminino (OR=0,6; IC95%=0,4-0,9); idade (OR=0,4; IC95%=0,3-0,6 e OR=0,2; IC95%=0,1-0,5 para 40-59 e >60 anos, respectivamente); >5 residentes no domicílio (OR=2,1; 1,1-4,0); número de consultas médicas nos últimos 12 meses (OR=0,2; IC95%=0,1-0,4 e OR=0,1; IC95%=0,0-0,1 para 1 e >2, respectivamente); consulta a farmacêutico nos últimos 12 meses (OR=1,9; IC95%=1,1-3,3) e relato de gastos com medicamentos nesse período (OR=0,5; IC95%= 0,3-0,8). CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram prevalência da automedicação semelhante à observada em países desenvolvidos, sugerindo que essa prática poderia atuar como um substituto da atenção formal à saúde.
    Revista de Saúde Pública. 01/2002;

Full-text

View
137 Downloads
Available from
Jun 4, 2014