Automedicação entre acadêmicos do curso de Medicina da Faculdade de Medicina de Marília, São Paulo

Revista Brasileira de Pesquisa em Saúde 06/2013; 14(4):82-89.


Introduction: Self-medication is an individual act of acquiring and making use of a drug without a prescrip-tion. This practice presents numerous damages. Studies suggest that factors such as study and profession influence it, being observed in more people linked to healthcare, including medical students. Objective: To describe the practice of self-medication among medical students at the Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (Famema) -SP, Brasil, and compare it among students at the beginning and at the end of the course. Methods: Cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. Participated 362 students, who answered questions about sociodemographic and characterization of the practice of self-medication. For data analysis, the students were divided into two groups, based on the response patterns, being: group 1 (first to fourth grades) and group 2 (fifth to sixth grade). Descriptive analysis of the data was conducted by calculating percentages, means, standard deviations, and compara-tive analysis (chi-square and Fisher's exact). Results: 98,3% of respondents reported practcing self-medication, advising with rela-tives (38,1%) and consulting books before this practice (21,5%). Most of them have used more than five drugs without prescription (26,5%), prevailing analgesics and antipyret-ics (60,5%), with predominant complaint of headache (55,5%). The most widely used justification for the practice was "looking for quick relief of symptoms." Conclusion: There is a need for greater approach on the issue of self-medication in academic activities in medical courses to raise awareness about the risks and provide training of profession-als able to replicate this knowledge.

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