Article

Phenomenology of Dark Matter annihilation into a long-lived intermediate state

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (Impact Factor: 6.04). 03/2009; DOI:10.1088/1475-7516/2009/07/018
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We propose a scenario where Dark Matter (DM) annihilates into an intermediate state which travels a distance $\lambda \equiv v/\Gamma$ on the order of galactic scales and then decays to Standard Model (SM) particles. The long lifetime disperses the production zone of the SM particles away from the galactic center and hence, relaxes constraints from gamma ray observations on canonical annihilation scenarios. We utilize this set up to explain the electron and positron excesses observed recently by PAMELA, ATIC, and FERMI. While an explanation in terms of usual DM annihilations seems to conflict with gamma ray observations, we show that within the proposed scenario, the PAMELA/ATIC/FERMI results are consistent with the gamma ray data. The distinction from decay scenarios is discsussed and we comment on the prospects for DM production at LHC. The typical decay length $\lambda \gtrsim 10$ kpc of the intermediate state can have its origin from a dimension six operator suppressed by a scale $\Lambda \sim 10^{13}$ GeV, which is roughly the seesaw scale for neutrino masses. Comment: 22 pages, 7 figures, added appendix B, published version

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
38 Views
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We provide ingredients and recipes for computing signals of TeV-scale Dark Matter annihilations and decays in the Galaxy and beyond. For each DM channel, we present the energy spectra of electrons and positrons, antiprotons, antideuterons, gamma rays, neutrinos and antineutrinos e, mu, tau at production, computed by high-statistics simulations. We estimate the Monte Carlo uncertainty by comparing the results yielded by the Pythia and Herwig event generators. We then provide the propagation functions for charged particles in the Galaxy, for several DM distribution profiles and sets of propagation parameters. Propagation of electrons and positrons is performed with an improved semi-analytic method that takes into account position-dependent energy losses in the Milky Way. Using such propagation functions, we compute the energy spectra of electrons and positrons, antiprotons and antideuterons at the location of the Earth. We then present the gamma ray fluxes, both from prompt emission and from Inverse Compton scattering in the galactic halo. Finally, we provide the spectra of extragalactic gamma rays. All results are available in numerical form and ready to be consumed.
    Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 12/2010; · 6.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The persistent discrepancy between observations of 7Li with putative primordial origin and its abundance prediction in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) has become a challenge for the standard cosmological and astrophysical picture. We point out that the decay of GeV-scale metastable particles X may significantly reduce the BBN value down to a level at which it is reconciled with observations. The most efficient reduction occurs when the decay happens to charged pions and kaons, followed by their charge exchange reactions with protons. Similarly, if X decays to muons, secondary electron antineutrinos produce a similar effect. We consider the viability of these mechanisms in different classes of new GeV-scale sectors, and find that several minimal extensions of the Standard Model with metastable vector and/or scalar particles are capable of solving the cosmological lithium problem. Such light states can be a key to the explanation of recent cosmic ray anomalies and can be searched for in a variety of high-intensity medium-energy experiments. Comment: 50 pages, 13 figures; references added, typo corrected
    Physical review D: Particles and fields 06/2010;
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We calculate the neutrino signal resulting from annihilation of secluded dark matter in the Sun. In this class of models, dark matter annihilates first into metastable mediators, which subsequently decay into Standard Model particles. If the mediators are long lived, they will propagate out from the dense solar core before decaying. High energy neutrinos undergo absorption in the Sun. In the standard scenario in which neutrinos are produced directly in the centre of the Sun, absorption is relevant for E > 100 GeV, resulting in a significant suppression of the neutrino spectrum beyond E ~ 1 TeV. In the secluded dark matter scenario, the neutrino signal is greatly enhanced because neutrinos are injected away from the core, at lower density. Since the solar density falls exponentially with radius, metastable mediators have a significant effect on the neutrino flux, even for decay lengths which are small compared to the solar radius. Moreover, since neutrino detection cross sections grow with energy, this enhancement of the high energy region of the neutrino spectrum would have a large effect on overall event rates.
    Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 02/2011; 4(04). · 6.04 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from