Media have an influence on the human psyche similar to the addictive actions of psychoactive substances or gambling. Computer overuse is claimed to be a cause of psychiatric disturbances such as computer and Internet addiction. It has not yet been recognized as a disease, but it evokes increasing controversy and results in mental disorders commonly defined as computer and Internet addiction.
This study was based on a diagnostic survey in which 120 subjects participated. The participants were pupils of three kinds of schools: primary, middle, and secondary school (high school). Information for this study was obtained from a questionnaire prepared by the authors as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Psychological Inventory of Aggression Syndrome (IPSA-II).
he results confirmed that every fourth pupil was addicted to the Internet. Internet addiction was very common among the youngest users of computers and the Internet, especially those who had no brothers and sisters or came from families with some kind of problems. Moreover, more frequent use of the computer and the Internet was connected with higher levels of aggression and anxiety.
Because computer and Internet addiction already constitute a real danger, it is worth considering preventive activities to treat this phenomenon. It is also necessary to make the youth and their parents aware of the dangers of uncontrolled Internet use and pay attention to behavior connected with Internet addiction.
"However, while the Internet has become a channel that promotes access to information and communication, as any other technologycal tools, its misuse and overuse can cause various personal and social problems (Beranuy, Lusar, Jordania & Sanchez, 2009; Echeburúa & Corral, 2009; Kim et al., 2010; Seo, Kang & Yom, 2009; Young, 2009; Shaw & Black, 2008; Zboralski et al., 2009). Therefore, the amount of young people, who interact only through the web and the number of hours they spend in front of the computer is increasing every day, subtracting the time for other activities performed previously (Cattan, White, Bond & Learmouth, 2002; Echeburúa & De Corral, 2009; Herrera et al., 2010; Livingstone & Helsper, 2010; Notley, 2009; Yang & Tung, 2007; Young 1998; Zboralski et al. 2009). "
[Show description][Hide description] DESCRIPTION: While the Internet has become a channel that promotes access to information and communication, its misuse and overuse can cause various personal and social problems.
This work compares if there is an abusive Internet use among young people with and without disabilities. It also analyzes if the type of disability may influence the excessive Internet use.
230 young people participated (102 nondisabled and 128 disabled, 77 with motor disability and 51 with sensory disability). They answered the Cuestionario de Experiencias Relacionadas con Internet (CERI)[Experiences Related to the Internet questionnaire (ERIQ)], designed to measure Internet addiction. It spread through the network for 16 weeks.
Analyses indicated that participants with disabilities, mainly the ones with motor disability showed an increased use and dependence on technology.
Although this suggests the importance for young people with disabilities of the Internet use, it also indicates that disability, especially motor disability may be a vulnerability factor for an abusive use.
"Several studies have reported that aggression and violence are associated with IAD (Table 1) (Alavi et al., 2011; Dong, Lu et al., 2011; Ko, Yen, Liu et al., 2009; Mehroof & Griffiths, 2010; Yen et al., 2007; Yen, Yen, Wu, Huang & Ko, 2011; Zboralski et al., 2009). However, aggression and violence in IAD cannot be solely explained by addictive symptoms such as withdrawal or tolerance. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose:
Evidences indicate that Internet addiction disorder (IAD) has a higher risk of developing aggression and violent behavior. A few correlation studies between IAD and aggression have implicated a common biological mechanism. However, neurobiological approaches to IAD and aggression have not yet been studied.
A literature search for studies for Internet addiction disorder or aggression was performed in the PubMed database and we selected articles about neurobiology of IAD or aggression.
This review includes (a) common neural substrates such as the prefrontal cortex and the limbic system between aggression and IAD; (b) common neuromodulators such as dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, opiate and nicotine between aggression and IAD.
Through reviewing the relevant literature, we suggested the possibility of common neurobiology between the two psychiatric phenomena and direction of research on aggression in IAD.
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