Hemophagocytic syndrome as primary manifestation in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus after parturition

First Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, Osaka.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology 03/2009; 32(1):66-70. DOI: 10.2177/jsci.32.66
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 33-year-old woman presented with fever, malar rash, lymphadenopathy and pancytopenia 3 weeks after parturition. Serum C3 level was decreased and antinuclear antibody, anti-dsDNA antibody and anti-SS-A antibody were positive. Serum ferritin level was elevated (3454 ng/ml), and bone marrow aspirate revealed hemophagocytosis. She was diagnosed having systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS). Oral prednisolone (55 mg/day) was initiated. Clinical manifestations and pancytopenia were improved and serum ferritin level was decreased. However, elevated anti-dsDNA antibody titer and reduced C3 level continued for a month after steroid therapy. The additional therapy of tacrolimus (3 mg/day) improved clinical and laboratory findings. This is a rare SLE case associated with HPS as primary manifestation after parturition.

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    • "Administration of IVIG and G-CSF (in cases of severe neutropenia) may be indicated for supportive care (Kumakura et al., 2004; Verbsky and Grossman, 2006). In a review of English-language literature through MEDLINE, we have identified two cases of HPS and acute pancreatitis with SLE and ours is the third (Wong et al., 1991; Dhote et al., 2003; Qian and Yang, 2007; Yoshida et al., 2009; Hagiwara et al., 2006; Silva Dda et al., 2008; Elqatni et al., 2012; Abdallah et al., 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: A 34-year-old woman showed liver dysfunction for the first time at 3 months after delivery. Two years later, she was referred to our department with continued liver dysfunction. She fulfilled the criteria for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)-autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) overlap. Liver dysfunction improved after administration of ursodeoxycholic acid and bezafibrate. To the best of our knowledge this represents the second report of PBC-AIH overlap after delivery and we discuss immunological changes during the perinatal period.
    Internal Medicine 01/2011; 50(12):1299-301. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.50.5022 · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a potentially fatal hyperinflammatory syndrome characterized fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and cytopenias. HLH can be either primary, with a genetic aetiology, or secondary, associated with malignancies, autoimmune diseases, or infections. Among rheumatic disorders, HLH occurs most frequently in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis. AIM: To draw attention on this severe syndrome that may often go undiagnosed in patient with rheumatic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed search was performed by combining the terms (haemophagocytic, haemophagocytosis, hemophagocytosis, hemophagocytic, erythrophagocytosis, macrophage activation syndrome) and (rheumatic, rheumatologic, arthritis, lupus, Sjögren's syndrome, scleroderma, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, polymyalgia rheumatic, mixed connective tissue disease, polychondritis, sarcoidosis, polyarteritis nodosa, Henoch-Schönlein, serum sickness, wegener's granulomatosis, giant cell arteritis, temporal arteritis, Takayasu's arteritis, Behçet's syndrome, Kawasaki, Buerger's). RESULTS: 117 papers describing 421 patients were considered. HLH was described in systemic lupus erythematosus in 94 patients, in Still's disease in 37 patients, in rheumatoid arthritis in 13 patients, in systemic juvenile arthritis in 219 patients, in dermatomyositis in 7 patients, in Kawasaki disease in 25 patients, in systemic sclerosis in 5 patients, in Behcet disease in one patient, in polyarteritis nodosa in 6 patients, in ankylosing spondylitis in 2 patients, in mixed connective tissue disease in one patient, in sarcoidosis in 5 patients, in Sjögren's syndrome in 3 patients, in Wegener's granulomatosis in one patient, and in unclassifiable disorders in two patients. CONCLUSIONS: HLH occurring in the course of rheumatic diseases is an important and often underdiagnosed clinical entity, which can affect prognosis.
    European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 10/2012; 16(10):1414-1424. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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