Icilin-induced wet-dog shakes in rats are dependent on NMDA receptor activation and nitric oxide production

Department of Pharmacology, Temple University Health Sciences Center, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior (Impact Factor: 2.82). 03/2009; 92(3):543-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2009.02.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Icilin is a cold channel agonist that produces vigorous wet-dog shaking in rats. The shaking is accompanied by an increase in the level of extracellular glutamate in the brain. Hence, we hypothesized that icilin-induced wet-dog shakes are dependent on increased glutamatergic transmission and nitric oxide (NO) production. Rats injected with icilin (0.5, 1, 2.5, 5 mg/kg, i.p.) displayed a dose-related increase in wet-dog shakes. Pretreatment with LY 235959 (1, 2 mg/kg, i.p.), a NMDA receptor antagonist, or L-NAME (50 mg/kg, i.p.), a NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor, attenuated icilin-induced wet-dog shakes. The shaking was also reduced by intracerebroventricular L-NAME (1 mg/rat, i.c.v.) administration, indicating that the stimulant effect of icilin is dependent on central NO production. Pretreatment with 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3(1H,4H)-dione (DNQX) (10, 20 mg/kg, i.p.), an AMPA receptor antagonist, or ceftriaxone (200 mg/kg, i.p. for 5 days), a beta-lactam antibiotic and glutamate transporter subtype 1 (GLT-1) activator, did not alter the incidence of icilin-induced shaking. The present data reveal that icilin produces behavioral stimulation by a mechanism requiring NMDA receptor activation and nitric oxide production and suggest that glutamate and NO signaling play important roles in cold channel pharmacology.

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