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# Rapid X-ray variability of the superluminal source GRS 1915+105

• ##### K. Kasturirangan
Astronomy and Astrophysics (Impact Factor: 5.08). 01/1997; 320.
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT The superluminal X-ray transient source GRS 1915+105 was observed during July 20-29, 1996 with the Indian X-ray Astronomy Experiment (IXAE) on the Indian satellite IRS-P3 launched on March 21, 1996 from Shriharikota Range in India. During our observations covering the energy band 2-18keV, we have seen strong erratic intensity variations on time scale of 0.1s-10s. Quasi Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in a frequency range of 0.62 to 0.82Hz were detected with a rms fraction of about 9%. The rapid X-ray intensity variations in GRS 1915+105 are similar to those observed in some other black hole binaries and thus provide further support for the hypothesis that this source is likely to be a black hole. We discuss the possible emission region and mechanism of the observed quasi-periodic oscillations. Comparing the observed QPOs with the ones observed in other neutron star and black-hole systems, we argue that GRS 1915+105 is possibly a black-hole.

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##### Article: The non-linear behavior of the black hole system GRS 1915+105
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ABSTRACT: Using non-linear time series analysis, along with surrogate data analysis, it is shown that the various types of long term variability exhibited by the black hole system GRS 1915+105, can be explained in terms of a deterministic non-linear system with some inherent stochastic noise. Evidence is provided for a non-linear limit cycle origin of one of the low frequency QPO detected in the source, while some other types of variability could be due to an underlying low dimensional chaotic system. These results imply that the partial differential equations which govern the magneto-hydrodynamic flow of the inner accretion disk, can be approximated by a small number ($\approx 3 -5$) of non-linear but {\it ordinary} differential equations. While this analysis does not reveal the exact nature of these approximate equations, they may be obtained in the future, after results of magneto-hydrodynamic simulation of realistic accretion disks become available. Comment: Accepted for publication in ApJ. Numerical code that is used in the analysis is available at http://www.iucaa.ernet.in/~rmisra/NLD
The Astrophysical Journal 03/2006; · 6.73 Impact Factor
• ##### Article: The processing electronics system for the pointed mode operation of IXAE on the Indian satellite IRS-P3
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ABSTRACT: Indian Remote Sensing Satellite-P3 (IRS-P3: 1996-017A) was launched into a near-Earth, polar, Sun-synchronous orbit by India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-D3) on March 21, 1996. The Indian X-ray Astronomy Experiment (IXAE) is one of the prime payloads onboard IRS-P3. IXAE has two sets of detectors: three pointed-mode proportional counters (PPCs) and one X-ray Sky Monitor (XSM). IRS-P3 is configured to operate in two modes, namely, Earth-pointing mode and stellar-pointing mode. In Earth-pointing mode the remote sensing payloads are in operation; in addition, XSM maps the sky for bright X-ray sources and X-ray transients. In stellar mode, the PPCs observe several Galactic, bright X-ray, and extragalactic sources. The microprocessor-based processing electronics system was designed and developed for PPC data-handling and telemetering the stored data to the ground station. The system has been working well from the day the IXAE was commissioned. The processing electronics system for the PPCs, its interfaces, and the in-orbit instrument performance are described. Some results of the pointed mode observations are also presented
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