Imitative behavior: Network antecedents and performance consequences
ABSTRACT Organizational networks are generally considered major antecedents of mutual influence in adopting similar practices, typically via a structure of dense ties, or closure. We propose that under conditions of competitive interdependence, closure may be associated with links established to access resources and knowledge and become a possible source of differentiation rather than imitation. We test these and other antecedents of imitative behavior and performance in the Italian TV industry with 12 years of data on 501 productions. We find that network closure is associated with lower imitation, centrality, but not status, leads to imitation, and that imitation lowers performance.
- SourceAvailable from: washington.edu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article contributes to the reemerging field of economic sociology by (1) delving into its classic roots to refine current concepts and (2) using examples from the immigration literature to explore the different forms in which social structures affect economic action. The concept of social "embeddedness" provides a suitable theoretical umbrella, although in analyzing its specific manifestations, the article focuses on the concept of social capital. The various mechanism through which social structures affect economic action are identified and categorized and their consequences,positive and negative, highlighted. The propositions that summarize the different parts of the discussion attempt to move these concepts beyond sensitizing generalities to hypothesis-like statements that can guide future research.The American Journal of Sociology. 05/1993; 98(6):1320-1350.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper emphasizes the contribution of ‘borrowed experience’ to strategy reformulation. The industry group is described as a particularly important arena in which niche-related problems and solutions are identified and tested. Industry-wide mistakes in environmental interpretation and strategic response provide interesting evidence of the importance of this contribution to organizational decision making.An industry oriented view of strategy reformulation requires two kinds of research which are rarely conducted today. We need to know more about the pool of strategic concepts which a group of organizations holds in common at any given time. Spender's study of fork-lift truck rental companies is reviewed as an example of this kind of work. A second kind of needed research involves change in strategic concepts over time. A study of the perceived import threat to the appliance industry from 1950 to 1975 is summarized as an example of this second kind of research.Strategic Management Journal 11/2006; 3(2):119 - 131. · 3.78 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This survey of content analysis views it as "a research technique for the objective, systematic and quantitative description of the manifest content of communication." The review covers primarily the 1935-1950 period, listing 17 types of application of content analysis with abstracts of representative studies in each type and explanatory comment on them. In addition to quantitative studies, the author considers qualitative types and gives examples of them, and devotes additional chapters to the units and the categories of content analysis. A chapter on technical problems—sampling, reliability, presentation and modes of inference—concludes the text. 350-item bibliography. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)Educational Technology Research and Development. 4(2).