Article

Did Women's Suffrage Change the Size and Scope of Government?

Journal of Political Economy (Impact Factor: 2.9). 02/1999; 107(6):1163-1198. DOI: 10.1086/250093
Source: RePEc
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    ABSTRACT: Preliminary Version Prepared for the EPSC 2006 Abstract The allocation of voting rights can have a fundamental impact on policy choices. This paper quanti…es the impact of political transitions between democracy and autocracy and the impact on gender and literacy restrictions on the right to vote on …scal and social outcomes in 18 Latin American countries during the 20th century. We estimate a panel model and report the following …ndings: i) regime type matters for outcomes, with dictatorships taxing more than democracies; ii) women's su¤rage increased enrollment in primary education, but did not a¤ect …scal outcomes; iii) literacy restrictions reduce the size of government, but, surprisingly, does not lead to lower enrollment in primary education; iv) dictatorships have larger armies and military expenditure than democracies.

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