Did Women's Suffrage Change the Size and Scope of Government?

Journal of Political Economy (Impact Factor: 2.9). 02/1999; 107(6):1163-1198. DOI: 10.1086/250093
Source: RePEc
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    ABSTRACT: We study the determinants of intra-household decision-making responsibility over economic and financial choices using a direct measure provided in the 1989-2010 Bank of Italy Survey of Household Income and Wealth. We find that the probability that the wife is responsible for decisions increases as the wife’s characteristics in terms of age, education and income become closer or even higher than those of her husband's. Thus, consistently with a bargaining approach, decision-making responsibility is associated with marriage heterogamy, and not only along strictly economic dimensions. However, in support of an alternative household production approach, we also find that the probability that the wife is responsible is lower when she is employed, which suggests the presence of a specialization pattern assigning responsibility to the spouse with more available time. Our results are robust to additional controls and alternative samples.
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    ABSTRACT: Does the gender of political representatives affect the extent to which they adhere to the voter majority's preferences? By matching individual male and female representatives' votes on legislative proposals with real referendum outcomes on the same issues, we obtain a direct measure of divergence. We find that female and male representatives adhere equally close to the majority's preferences if party affiliations are taken into account. This suggests that observed gender differences with respect to the national majority of voters may be reduced to an ideological left–right dimension.
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    ABSTRACT: Preliminary Version Prepared for the EPSC 2006 Abstract The allocation of voting rights can have a fundamental impact on policy choices. This paper quanti…es the impact of political transitions between democracy and autocracy and the impact on gender and literacy restrictions on the right to vote on …scal and social outcomes in 18 Latin American countries during the 20th century. We estimate a panel model and report the following …ndings: i) regime type matters for outcomes, with dictatorships taxing more than democracies; ii) women's su¤rage increased enrollment in primary education, but did not a¤ect …scal outcomes; iii) literacy restrictions reduce the size of government, but, surprisingly, does not lead to lower enrollment in primary education; iv) dictatorships have larger armies and military expenditure than democracies.

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