Caracterización de estudiantes de la carrera de enfermería sobre consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas

Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (Impact Factor: 0.54). 01/2010; 18. DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692010000700012
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Presents findings from a treatment program for dating anxiety among college students. Practice dating is the major component used for reduction of anxiety; however, no particular value is placed on dating "quantity." Dating anxiety is frequently associated with other problems, such as depression and academic failure. Dating anxiety is accompanied by avoidance of members of the opposite sex and may have persistent effects on the individual's life. Four models of dating anxiety are presented, including the social skill deficit model, the conditioned anxiety model, cognitive models, and the physical attractiveness model. Treatment strategies derived from the various models are discussed. (24 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    The Counseling Psychologist 12/1978; · 1.82 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine how parental limit setting, family conflict, and perception of family experience influence severity of alcohol and drug problems, and important gender differences in these relationships, we interviewed consecutive intakes, aged 12 to 18 years, at 4 chemical dependency programs of a large group-model nonprofit health maintenance organization (HMO) (n=419). The Family Conflict, Limit Setting, and Positive Family Experience scales correlated with substance dependence (p<0.01, p<0.01, p<0.05, respectively). Depression also correlated with family conflict (p<0.01), absence of limit setting (p<0.01), poor family experience (p<0.01) and dependence symptoms (p<0.01). Number of substance-using friends correlated with number of dependence symptoms (p<0.01). Gender differences included the following: (1) girls scoring higher in family conflict (p=0.0002), negative perceptions of family experience (p<0.0017), and lower in absence of limit setting (p<0.0001); (2) how family environment predicted problem severity: absence of limit setting was significant for boys and girls but family conflict for boys only; (3) girls had more dependence symptoms (p=<0.0001), psychiatric diagnoses (e.g., depression (p<0.0003), anxiety (p<0.0002), conduct disorder (p=0.07)), and substance-abusing family members (53 % versus 39%; p=0.006). To conclude, family and peers influence severity of alcohol and drug problems in adolescents.
    Clinical Pediatrics 06/2004; 43(4):323-33. · 1.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Associations between self-esteem and abuse of alcohol and psychoactive substances have been documented in empirical studies involving high school and college students. No research exists that addresses whether this association generalizes to adult homeless substance users. The current study uses secondary data analysis methodology to evaluate an experimental design study involving 305 homeless men, assigned randomly to the treatment or control group. Control subjects were referred to community-based services. Experimental subjects were exposed to individual and group interventions, life-skills, and relapse prevention training while residing in a 24-hour shelter, for three months. Trained graduate students collected data using standardized questions to interview subjects. Three hypotheses were tested. Hypothesis I that the interventions would contribute toward increased self-esteem at T2, T3, T4 and T5 was not supported. The preponderance of findings pertaining to Hypothesis II, that higher self esteem would be associated with lower alcohol and drug use in treatment subjects, and Hypothesis III, that these associations would be greater among treatment than control subjects over time, were not confirmed, although a few results were consistent with these hypotheses. Overall, results indicated that self-esteem was not increased in treatment subjects despite decreases in alcohol and drug use. The role of self-esteem in this population appears different from its importance in high school and college students. Possible reasons for this apparent difference are explored.
    Journal of alcohol and drug education 01/2004;


1 Download
Available from