Análisis y reflexión sobre modelos teóricos del proceso salud-enfermedad

Cadernos de Saúde Pública (Impact Factor: 0.89). 01/1992; 8(3). DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1992000300005
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    ABSTRACT: Home care for the elderly has a great ally in the family caregiver, in general a spouse. However, these spouses frequently have health complaints themselves. To understand the meaning of health for elderly spouses who are caregivers, to know the changes in their health after taking this role and to learn how they take care of their own health, the authors developed an exploratory qualitative study in which elderly spouses caregivers were perso- nally interviewed. The speeches were analyzed according to the Discourse Analysis on Collective Subject. The result is that they understood health as having energy, showing no symptoms, needing no doctor, depending on no one and requiring no care. They took care of their own health through diet control, respect to routines and personal habits, performance of their daily activities, physical activities and medical control. The changes noticed after becoming caregivers were tiredness, stress, preoccu- pation, development of sym- ptoms and illnesses, increase of health risks and changes in routine and in self-esteem.
    Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P 01/2006; 40(4). DOI:10.1590/S0080-62342006000400007 · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Suggesting that epidemiology should be employed as the standard means of studying public health problems. Some authors have called for the use of qualitative research methods during the last few decades due to the complexity of sanitary problems. The complementary use of quantitative and qualitative methods is conservative and limited, which is why it is suggested that public health should use diverse epistemological approaches and not just conjugate quantitative and qualitative methods. The case of pesticides and their effect on human health is used as an example to show different theoretical models' contribution towards and limitations on public health (i.e. sanitary, biomedical, classical epidemiological, hygienist-preventative, ecological, social-epidemiological, economic, material-historical and neoconservative) as well as expressing the need to use different epistemological approaches. An integrated approach will lead to more pluralist and democratic public health.
    Revista de salud publica (Bogota, Colombia) 01/2005; 7(3):349-59.
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    ABSTRACT: Although there are few scientific studies on the environment in the Brazilian public health literature, there are indications of recent growth in this theme in research and graduate programs in Brazil, thus tending to consolidate the scientific output in this area. The objective of this study was to contribute to the understanding and characterization of this theme in public health, offering backing for establishing research focused on sustainability of the environment and health. We identified and analyzed the research output on the environment in the most important Brazilian scientific journals in public health (1992-2002), using as the reference Chapter 35 of Agenda 21 (science for sustainability). The results showed: research output highly concentrated in the more affluent Southeast region of the country; predominance of the biological concept of health and the biophysical concept of environment; prevalence of diagnoses versus the search for solutions; and few studies involving stakeholders' participation.
    Cadernos de Saúde Pública 01/2005; 21(3):679-701. · 0.89 Impact Factor


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