Article

The impact of financial constraints on firm survival and growth

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques
Journal of Evolutionary Economics (Impact Factor: 1). 02/2008; 18(2):135-149. DOI: 10.1007/s00191-007-0087-z
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT We propose a new approach for identifying and measuring the degree of financial constraint faced by firms and use it to investigate
the effect of financial constraints on firm survival and development. Using panel data on French manufacturing firms over
the 1996–2004 period, we find that (1) financial constraints significantly increase the probability of exiting the market,
(2) access to external financial resources has a positive effect on the growth of firms in terms of sales, capital stock and
employment, (3) financial constraints are positively related with productivity growth in the short-run. We interpret this
last result as the sign that constrained firms need to cut costs in order to generate the resources they cannot raise on financial
markets.

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