Fluorescent labeling techniques for investigation of fibronectin fibrillogenesis (labeling fibronectin fibrillogenesis).
ABSTRACT Fibronectin fibrillogenesis is a cell-mediated, step-wise process that converts soluble fibronectin into insoluble fibronectin matrix. The deposition of fibronectin fibrils occurs at specific sites on the cell surface and depends on the unfolding of the fibronectin dimer. Fibronectin matrix provides positional information for cell migration during early embryogenesis and plays an important role in cell growth, differentiation, survival, and oncogenic transformation. Here we present simple techniques, based on the use of fluorescently labeled fibronectin and species-specific antifibronectin antibodies that allow determination of the fibronectin fibril growth in conventional in vitro cell cultures and in three-dimensional matrix environment.
- SourceAvailable from: Stephanie L. Gupton[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mena is an Ena/VASP family actin regulator with roles in cell migration, chemotaxis, cell–cell adhesion, tumor cell invasion, and metastasis. Although enriched in focal adhesions, Mena has no established function within these structures. We find that Mena forms an adhesion-regulated complex with α5β1 integrin, a fibronectin receptor involved in cell adhesion, motility, fibronectin fibrillogenesis, signaling, and growth factor receptor trafficking. Mena bound directly to the carboxy-terminal portion of the α5 cytoplasmic tail via a 91-residue region containing 13 five-residue “LERER” repeats. In fibroblasts, the Mena–α5 complex was required for “outside-in” α5β1 functions, including normal phosphorylation of FAK and paxillin and formation of fibrillar adhesions. It also supported fibrillogenesis and cell spreading and controlled cell migration speed. Thus, fibroblasts require Mena for multiple α5β1-dependent processes involving bidirectional interactions between the extracellular matrix and cytoplasmic focal adhesion proteins.The Journal of Cell Biology 08/2012; 198(4):657-676. · 10.82 Impact Factor