Perceived financial status, health, and maladjustment in adolescence
ABSTRACT This study examines the relationship between adolescent perception of family financial status and diverse aspects of health and maladjustment. Data were derived from the 2005 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey of 7th-12th grade students in ontario, Canada. This biennial survey monitors mental and physical health, substance use, and delinquent behavior in adolescent students. Results indicate that the significance of perceived financial status varies across adolescent outcomes. Greater emotional distress and lower self-rated health are associated with a perception of below average financial status. The associations of illicit drug use and hazardous and harmful drinking with perceived financial status vary for younger and older adolescents. Adjustments for parental education highlight differences in the influences of perceived financial status and parental education on health and behavior. Results highlight the utility of perceived family financial status in examinations of adolescent health and behavior, and the importance of examining diverse aspects of health and maladjustment.
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ABSTRACT: Previous literature has shown a divergence by age in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and substance use: adolescents with low SES are more likely to engage in substance use, as are adults with high SES. However, there is growing evidence that adolescents with high SES are also at high risk for substance abuse. The objective of this study is to examine this relationship longitudinally, that is, whether wealthier adolescents are more likely than those with lower SES to engage in substance use in early adulthood. The study analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (AddHealth), a longitudinal, nationally-representative survey of secondary school students in the United States. Logistic regression models were analyzed examining the relationship between adolescent SES (measured by parental education and income) and substance use in adulthood, controlling for substance use in adolescence and other covariates. Higher parental education is associated with higher rates of binge drinking, marijuana and cocaine use in early adulthood. Higher parental income is associated with higher rates of binge drinking and marijuana use. No statistically significant results are found for crystal methamphetamine or other drug use. Results are not sensitive to the inclusion of college attendance by young adulthood as a sensitivity analysis. However, when stratifying by race, results are consistent for white non-Hispanics, but no statistically significant results are found for non-whites. This may be a reflection of the smaller sample size of non-whites, but may also reflect that these trends are driven primarily by white non-Hispanics. Previous research shows numerous problems associated with substance use in young adults, including problems in school, decreased employment, increases in convictions of driving under the influence (DUI) and accidental deaths. Much of the previous literature is focused on lower SES populations. Therefore, it is possible that teachers, parents and school administrators in wealthier schools may not perceive as great to address substance abuse treatment in their schools. This study can inform teachers, parents, school administrators and program officials of the need for addressing drug abuse prevention activities to this population of students.Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention and Policy 08/2010; 5:19. DOI:10.1186/1747-597X-5-19 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to examine the role of school connectedness in the association between a history of family involvement with child protective services (CPS) and symptoms of psychological distress and delinquency among youth. Data were obtained from 3181 participants within the 2009 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a province-wide school-based survey of 7th-12th grade students. The survey employed a two-stage cluster design and analyses presented include adjustments for this complex sample design. Results indicated that the association between CPS involvement and psychological distress varied with school connectedness. CPS involvement was more strongly associated with psychological distress among students with low-school connectedness than students with high-school connectedness. School connectedness did not signifi cantly moderate the link between involvement with CPS and delinquency. Results suggest that improving school connectedness may be one way to protect youth with a history of family involvement with CPS and, along with effective mental health services, reduce the accumulation of risks as youth transition into adulthood.Advances in Mental Health 06/2012; 11(1):2261-2286. DOI:10.5172/jamh.2012.2261