Article

Adverse outcomes in surgery: redefinition of postoperative complications.

Michael Pine and Associates, Chicago, IL 60615, USA.
American journal of surgery (Impact Factor: 2.36). 02/2009; 197(4):479-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2008.07.056
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We propose that excess risk-adjusted, postoperative length of stay (poLOS) is a valid indicator of an adverse outcome.
Hospital administrative claims data for elective colon resection, coronary bypass graft surgery, and total hip replacement were used from the 100 largest-volume hospitals in the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project for 2005. Risk-adjusted poLOS linear models were designed and outliers were determined using control charts. Costs of hospital care were examined by the presence of coded complications (CCs) and/or being a poLOS outlier.
Patterns of CCs and risk-adjusted poLOS outliers were significantly different (P < .0001, chi-square test). For all procedures, costs of care were similar with or without CCs if the patients were not poLOS outliers. For patients who were poLOS outliers, costs were significantly different (Tukey-Kramer test) independent of whether CCs were present or not.
Adverse surgical outcomes are better defined by risk-adjusted poLOS and cost criteria rather than coded or surveillance observations.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
60 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A current trend in total hip replacement (THR) is the use of minimally invasive surgery. Little is known, however, about the impact of minimally invasive THR on resource use and length of stay. This study analyzed the effect of minimally invasive surgery on hospital costs and length of stay in German hospitals compared with conventional treatment in THR. We used patient-level administrative hospital data from three German hospitals participating in the national cost data study. We conducted a propensity score matching to account for baseline differences between minimally invasively and conventionally treated patients. Subsequently, we estimated the treatment effect on costs and length of stay by conducting group comparisons, via paired t tests and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, and regression analyses. The three hospitals provided data from 2886 THR patients. The propensity score matching led to 812 matched pairs. Length of stay was significantly higher for conventionally treated patients (11.49 days vs. 10.90 days; P < 0.05), but total costs did not differ significantly (€6018 vs. €5986; P = 0.67). We found a difference in the allocation of costs, with significantly higher implant costs for minimally invasively treated patients (€1514 vs. €1375; P < 0.001) in contrast to significantly higher staff and overhead costs for conventionally treated patients. Minimally invasive surgery was compared with conventional THR and was found to be associated with a reduced length of stay. Total hospital costs, however, did not differ between the two treatment groups, because of higher implant costs for minimally invasively treated patients.
    Value in Health 12/2012; 15(8):999-1004. · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The frequency of 90-day, postdischarge deaths and readmissions in Medicare patients undergoing elective surgical procedures has not been well studied. The Medicare MedPar database for 2009 to 2010 was used to develop inpatient risk-adjusted, postoperative length-of-stay (RApoLOS) prediction models for live discharges in 21 categories of elective operations. Moving average control charts were used in each category to define RApoLOS outliers (>3σ). The relationships between RApoLOS outliers and all postdischarge deaths and readmissions within 90 days of discharge were assessed. The inpatient mortality rate was .5%. Of 2,054,189 live discharges, 147,292 (7%) were RApoLOS outliers. There were 14,657 postdischarge deaths (.7%) and 187,566 readmissions (9%). RApoLOS outliers had a 3.5% death rate and a 17% rate of readmission, while those found not to be RApoLOS outliers had a .5% death rate and a 9% readmission rate (P < .0001). RApoLOS outliers have increased rates of postdischarge deaths and readmissions.
    American journal of surgery 12/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Morbid events after pediatric congenital cardiac surgery are increasingly used for better outcome measurement and quality comparisons. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between a hospital's risk-adjusted prevalence of prolonged postoperative length of stay (PLOS) and its risk-adjusted mortality rate to investigate whether PLOS can serve as an appropriate quality measure for pediatric congenital cardiac surgery. Risk-adjusted prevalence of prolonged PLOS for 12 programs in New York State was estimated using data from 4,776 operations in the New York State pediatric Cardiac Surgery Reporting System (2006-2009). We used logistic regression analysis to adjust for case mix and patient risk factors. The hospital-level correlation between risk-adjusted prolonged PLOS and risk-adjusted mortality rates was examined using Spearman correlation coefficient analysis. Risk-adjusted prevalence of prolonged PLOS ranged from 7.48% to 36.52% for pediatric cardiac programs in New York State during the study period. The Spearman correlation test showed a strong positive relationship between a hospital's risk-adjusted prolonged PLOS and mortality rate (r = 0.83; p = 0.0008). Prolonged PLOS can be used in lieu of risk-adjusted mortality rates when it is not practical to use mortality rates owing to low case volume or decreasing mortality rates of some procedures.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 01/2014; · 3.45 Impact Factor