Motorcycle crash characteristics in Nigeria: implication for control.
ABSTRACT Despite being the second most common cause of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Nigeria, no study had examined the peculiarities of motorcycle crash site characteristics in Nigeria. We examined and interviewed 363 motorcycle RTI patients in three tertiary hospitals in southwest Nigeria. All the motorcycles are small with capacities between 80 and 125cm3. 68.9% of the patients sustained their injuries while working or going to work and 23.4% on their way to school. 176 (48.5%) of the crashes were with moving vehicles and in 83 (22.3%) cases, either the motorcycle or the other vehicle is moving against the traffic. 37.8% of all crashes occurred at junctions with no roundabout versus 5% at junctions with roundabout. Some risky practices of the patient included carrying more than 2 persons (15.02%), travelling without headlight at night (31.7%) and not wearing helmets (96.5%). This study showed that risky behavior among motorcycle riders, chaotic traffic and road design faults accounted for most of the motorcycle crashes. The implications for the prevention and control of motorcycle injuries were discussed.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the characteristics of motorcycle accidents and victims attended by pre-hospital care services. A cross-sectional study was carried out using data on pre-hospital care of motorcyclists who had been injured in traffic accidents in Londrina, PR, Southeastern Brazil, in 2010, whose results were compared with those of a similar study conducted in 1998. Paramedic assistance registration forms were used as source of data. The fleets of motorcycles and the population of both years were used for estimating risks of accidents occurring. The Chi-square test was used to compare the profiles of accidents and victims. In 1998 and in 2010, respectively, 1,576 and 3,968 motorcyclists were seen (increase of 151.8%). The rate of injured motorcyclists per 1,000 inhabitants rose from 396.4 to 783.1, and that of the victims per 1,000 motorcycles from 53.1 to 61.1. Changes (p < 0.05) in the profile of accidents were observed, with higher proportions of falls from motorcycles, accidents between motorcyclists and occurrence during mornings, and a reduction of those at weekends. Regarding the victims, higher proportions of women, drivers, and those aged 35 years or over were observed. There was a decrease in the relative frequency of positive breathalyser results and an increase in the prevalence of helmet use. A lower proportion of victims were classified with moderate/severe coma and trauma scores and sent to hospitals. The immediate fatality rate dropped from 1.2% to 0.6%. Changes in the profiles of accidents and victims were observed in the period. Despite an absolute and relative increase in the number of victims of motorcycle accidents, a proportionally lower severity of these accidents was observed.Revista de saude publica 06/2013; 47(3):607-615. · 1.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: More than 56% of motorcycles in Korea are used for the purpose of delivering parcels and food. Since such delivery requires quick service, most motorcyclists commit traffic violations while delivering, such as crossing the centerline, speeding, running a red light, and driving in the opposite direction down one-way streets. In addition, the fatality rate for motorcycle crashes is about 12% of the fatality rate for road traffic crashes, which is considered to be high, although motorcycle crashes account for only 5% of road traffic crashes in South Korea. Therefore, the objective of this study is to analyze the injury severity of vehicle-to-motorcycle crashes that have occurred during delivery. To examine the risk of different injury levels sustained under all crash types of vehicle-to-motorcycle, this study applied an ordered probit model. Based on the results, this study proposes policy implications to reduce the injury severity of vehicle-to-motorcycle crashes during delivery.Accident Analysis & Prevention 09/2013; 62C:79-86. · 1.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Road traffic injury is a great public health challenge with an emerging trend of increasing rates and high mortality involving commercial motorcycles in Nigeria. A qualitative approach was used with 10 in-depth interviews conducted to explore the risk perceptions of commercial motorcyclists in Ibadan, Nigeria. The data analysis using manifest and latent content analysis resulted in an overarching theme: inadequate structures and internalised norms prevent change. The three themes leading to the overarching theme are: risk-taking as generally acceptable; risk-taking as an intrinsic part of occupation; and risk-taking as a way to make ends meet. The study suggests that there is a great need for adequate regulation as regards training and licensing of riders. Also the need to tighten enforcement of traffic rules is paramount to road safety in Nigeria.International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 05/2014; · 0.67 Impact Factor