Functional complementation of Glra1(spd-ot), a glycine receptor subunit mutant, by independently expressed C-terminal domains.
ABSTRACT The oscillator mouse (Glra1(spd-ot)) carries a 9 bp microdeletion plus a 2 bp microinsertion in the glycine receptor alpha1 subunit gene, resulting in the absence of functional alpha1 polypeptides from the CNS and lethality 3 weeks after birth. Depending on differential use of two splice acceptor sites in exon 9 of the Glra1 gene, the mutant allele encodes either a truncated alpha1 subunit (spd(ot)-trc) or a polypeptide with a C-terminal missense sequence (spd(ot)-elg). During recombinant expression, both splice variants fail to form ion channels. In complementation studies, a tail construct, encoding the deleted C-terminal sequence, was coexpressed with both mutants. Coexpression with spd(ot)-trc produced glycine-gated ion channels. Rescue efficiency was increased by inclusion of the wild-type motif RRKRRH. In cultured spinal cord neurons from oscillator homozygotes, viral infection with recombinant C-terminal tail constructs resulted in appearance of endogenous alpha1 antigen. The functional rescue of alpha1 mutants by the C-terminal tail polypeptides argues for a modular subunit architecture of members of the Cys-loop receptor family.
Article: Dominant-negative effect of SCN5A N-terminal mutations through the interaction of Nav1.5 α-subunits.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an autosomal-inherited cardiac arrhythmia characterized by an ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads of the electrocardiogram and an increased risk of syncope and sudden death. SCN5A, encoding the cardiac sodium channel Na(v)1.5, is the main gene involved in BrS. Despite the fact that several mutations have been reported in the N-terminus of Na(v)1.5, the functional role of this region remains unknown. We aimed to characterize two BrS N-terminal mutations, R104W and R121W, a construct where this region was deleted, ΔNter, and a construct where only this region was present, Nter. Patch-clamp recordings in HEK293 cells demonstrated that R104W, R121W, and ΔNter abolished the sodium current I(Na). Moreover, R104W and R121W mutations exerted a strong dominant-negative effect on wild-type (WT) channels. Immunocytochemistry of rat neonatal cardiomyocytes revealed that both mutants were mostly retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and that their co-expression with WT channels led to WT channel retention. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that Na(v)1.5-subunits were interacting with each other, even when mutated, deciphering the mutation dominant-negative effect. Both mutants were mostly degraded by the ubiquitin-proteasome system, while ΔNter was addressed to the membrane, and Nter expression induced a two-fold increase in I(Na). In addition, the co-expression of N-terminal mutants with the gating-defective but trafficking-competent R878C-Na(v)1.5 mutant gave rise to a small I(Na). This study reports for the first time the critical role of the Na(v)1.5 N-terminal region in channel function and the dominant-negative effect of trafficking-defective channels occurring through α-subunit interaction.Cardiovascular research 06/2012; 96(1):53-63. · 5.80 Impact Factor