Control of HIF-1alpha expression by eIF2 alpha phosphorylation-mediated translational repression.
ABSTRACT Hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays a central role in regulating tumor angiogenesis via its effects on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) transcription, and its expression is regulated through proteasome-mediated degradation. Paradoxically, previous studies have shown that proteasome inhibitors (PI) block tumor angiogensis by reducing VEGF expression, but the mechanisms have not been identified. Here, we report that PIs down-regulated HIF-1alpha protein levels and blocked HIF-1alpha transcriptional activity in human prostate cancer cells. PIs induced phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor 2alpha (eIF2alpha), which caused general translational repression to inhibit HIF-1alpha expression. Furthermore, PIs induced HIF-1alpha accumulation in LNCaP-Pro5 cells depleted of eIF2alpha via siRNA transfection and in MEFs expressing a phosphorylation-deficient mutant form of eIF2alpha. Finally, PIs failed to induce eIF2alpha phosphorylation or translational attenuation in DU145 or 253JB-V cells, and, in these cells, PIs promoted HIF-1alpha accumulation. Our data established that PIs down-regulated HIF-1alpha expression in cells that display activation of the unfolded protein response by stimulating phosphorylation of eIF2alpha and inhibiting HIF-1alpha translation.
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ABSTRACT: Hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is a master regulator of tumor angiogenesis being one of the major targets for cancer therapy. Previous studies have shown that Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi) block tumor angiogenesis through the inhibition of HIF-1α expression. As such, Vorinostat (Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid/SAHA) and Romidepsin, two HDACis, were recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Although HDACis have been shown to affect HIF-1α expression by modulating its interactions with the Hsp70/Hsp90 chaperone axis or its acetylation status, the molecular mechanisms by which HDACis inhibit HIF-1α expression need to be further characterized. Here, we report that the FDA-approved HDACi Vorinostat/SAHA inhibits HIF-1α expression in liver cancer-derived cell lines, by a new mechanism independent of p53, prolyl-hydroxylases, autophagy and proteasome degradation. We found that SAHA or silencing of HDAC9 mechanism of action is due to inhibition of HIF-1α translation, which in turn, is mediated by the eukaryotic translation initiation factor - eIF3G. We also highlighted that HIF-1α translation is dramatically inhibited when SAHA is combined with eIF3H silencing. Taken together, we show that HDAC activity regulates HIF-1α translation, with HDACis such as SAHA representing a potential novel approach for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(8):e106224. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Miconazole is an imidazole antifungal agent that has amply been used in the treatment of superficial mycosis. Preliminary data indicate that miconazole may also induce anticancer effects. As yet, however, little is known about the therapeutic efficacy of miconazole on cancer and the putative mechanism(s) involved. Here, we show that miconazole suppresses hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein translation in different cancer-derived cells.Cellular oncology (Dordrecht). 07/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Minocycline was recently found to be effective against cancer. However, the precise molecular mechanisms of minocycline in cancer are poorly understood. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1, a heterodimeric transcription factor composed of HIF-1α and β) activates the transcription of genes that are involved in angiogenesis in cancer. In this study, we found that minocycline significantly inhibits HIF-1α protein expression and suppresses HIF-1 transcriptional activity. The tube formation assay showed that minocycline has anti-angiogenic activity and suppresses hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. The metabolic labeling assay showed that minocycline reduces HIF-1α protein translation and global protein synthesis. In addition, minocycline suppresses mTOR signaling and increases the phosphorylation of eIF2α, which is known to be related to the translational regulation of HIF-1α expression. These findings collectively indicate that minocycline is a potential inhibitor of HIF-1α and provide new insight into the discovery of drugs for cancer treatment.Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 01/2014; · 3.37 Impact Factor