Article

Differences in phagocytosis susceptibility in Haemophilus parasuis strains.

Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA), UAB-IRTA, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain.
Veterinary Research (Impact Factor: 3.43). 03/2009; 40(3):24. DOI:10.1051/vetres/2009007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Haemophilus parasuis is a colonizer of the upper respiratory tract of healthy pigs, but virulent strains can cause a systemic infection characterized by fibrinous polyserositis, commonly known as Glässer's disease. The variability in virulence that is observed among H. parasuis strains is not completely understood, since the virulence mechanisms of H. parasuis are largely unknown. In the course of infection, H. parasuis has to survive the host pulmonary defences, which include alveolar macrophages, to produce disease. Using strains from different clinical backgrounds, we were able to detect clear differences in susceptibility to phagocytosis. Strains isolated from the nose of healthy animals were efficiently phagocytosed by porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM), while strains isolated from systemic lesions were resistant to this interaction. Phagocytosis of susceptible strains proceeded through mechanisms independent of a specific receptor, which involved actin filaments and microtubules. In all the systemic strains tested in this study, we observed a distinct capsule after interaction with PAM, indicating a role of this surface structure in phagocytosis resistance. However, additional mechanisms of resistance to phagocytosis should be explored, since we detected different effects of microtubule inhibition among systemic strains.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
57 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Haemophilus parasuis is the causative agent of Glässer's disease in pigs, a severe systemic disease that has led to increasing economic losses in the pig industry worldwide. The H. parasuis genome sequence has been completed, but the function and essentiality of the annotated genes remain largely unknown, especially virulence factors. The recent developments in the efficient genetic manipulation of H. parasuis have greatly facilitated the study of gene function, pathogenesis mechanisms and virulence factors. In this review, we provided update information regarding that (i) how the pathogen overcome host immune responses and cell barriers which were tightly associated with the pathogenesis, and (ii) the several recent identification of virulence factors were involved in evading the immune responses and cell barriers in H. parasuis.
    Veterinary Microbiology 08/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Haemophilus parasuis causes Glässer's disease, a syndrome of polyserositis, meningitis, and arthritis in swine. Previous studies with H. parasuis have revealed virulence disparity among isolates and inconsistent heterologous protection. In this study, virulence, direct transmission, and heterologous protection of 4 isolates of H. parasuis (SW114, 12939, MN-H, or 29755) were evaluated using a highly susceptible pig model. In an initial experiment, isolates 12939, MN-H, and 29755 caused Glässer's disease, while strain SW114 failed to cause any clinical signs of disease. One pig from each group challenged with MN-H or 29755 failed to develop clinical disease but were able to transmit H. parasuis to non-infected pigs that subsequently developed Glässer's disease. Pigs colonized with SW114, 29755, or MN-H that were free of clinical disease were protected from a subsequent challenge with isolate 12939. In a following experiment, pigs vaccinated with strain SW114 given as either a bacterin intramuscularly or a live intranasal vaccine were protected from subsequent challenge with isolate 12939; however, some pigs given live SW114 developed arthritis. Overall these studies demonstrated that pigs infected with virulent isolates of H. parasuis can remain healthy and serve as reservoirs for transmission to naïve pigs, and heterologous protection among H. parasuis isolates is possible. In addition, further attenuation of strain SW114 is necessary if it is to be used as a live vaccine.
    Clinical and vaccine Immunology: CVI 07/2013; · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A collection of 94 Haemophilus parasuis isolates was used for this study. It consisted of isolates from organs of pigs with Glässer's disease and pneumonia (n=54), from nasal swabs of healthy pigs in farms without Glässer's disease problems (n=25), and 15 reference strains. These isolates were typed using a new multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) protocol and investigated for the presence of nine putative virulence genes. The new MLVA protocol was highly discriminatory (54 types identified and discrimination index of 97.4%) and reproducible. Similar to previous investigations done with other methods, two major genetic clusters were identified by MLVA, which partially correlated with serotype and virulence gene distributions. Gene linkage analysis suggested that lateral gene transfer occurs within each of these clusters, but rarely between them. Although one single MLVA type included more than 20% of the clinical isolates, no significant correlation was detected between a specific MLVA type, the major genetic clusters, or the presence of any of the virulence genes investigated or the source of the isolates (clinical infection vs. healthy pig). The MLVA typing protocol described in this study is a promising new tool for future investigations into the epidemiology of Glässer's disease and could help us to better understand interacting microbial, host and environmental factors that lead to the development of H. parasuis disease.
    Veterinary Microbiology 08/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
24 Downloads
Available from
Jan 22, 2013