Pediatric stone disease.

Current Urology Reports 04/2009; 10(2):138-43. DOI:10.1007/s11934-009-0025-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Urinary stone disease is less common in children than adults. Although many aspects of pediatric stone disease are similar to that of adults, there are unique concerns regarding the presentation, diagnosis, and management of stone disease in children. We present a review of the increasing prevalence of pediatric stone disease, the diagnostic concerns specific to children, recent results from pediatric series regarding the expectant management and surgical treatment of stones, metabolic evaluation, and current research on the genetics of nephrolithiasis.

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