Initial experience of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization during portal vein occlusion for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma with marked arterioportal shunts.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical effects of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) during the corresponding portal vein occlusion (TACE-PVO) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and marked arterioportal (AP) shunts. This was a prospective, nonrandomized study of TACE-PVO in patients with HCC who had marked AP shunts. The subjects were 21 patients with unresectable HCC and marked AP shunts who underwent shunt embolization with the use of coils and/or gelatin-sponge particles (group A: n = 7) or by TACE-PVO (group B: n = 14). Clinical parameters and data on embolization of AP shunts and on tumor response were assessed prospectively. No major procedure-related complication occurred in either group. Effectiveness of AP-shunt treatment was significantly better in group B than in group A in terms of both immediate results (P = 0.009) and subsequent results (P = 0.028). Tumor response in the therapeutic target area was significantly (P = 0.002) better in group B than in group A. Survival was significantly better in group B than in group A (P = 0.008). TACE-PVO may be a safe and useful therapy for selected patients with unresectable HCC and marked AP shunts.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the usefulness of the routine sonographic evaluation of the pattern of fluctuate portal velocity tracings and the hepatic veins for the diagnosis of arterioportal fistula (APF) and cardiogenic trans-sinusoidal shunting (CTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS.: Color Doppler flow imaging and pulsed-wave Doppler (PW) examinations of the portal vein were performed in 282 subjects. The waveforms of the velocity tracings in the portal main trunk and its branches were determined to infer APF or CTS. Suspected cases of APFs or CTSs were always confirmed by echocardiography, contrast-enhanced ultrasound, computed tomography, or digital subtraction angiography findings. The portal maximum velocity (V(max)), minimum velocity(V(min)), V(max)/V(min), arterial peak systolic velocity and resistance index, and venous reverse and forward velocities were used to estimate their haemodynamics. The waveform of the velocity tracing for the draining portal vein of APF was typically arterial-like or diphase, as indicated by a systolic hepatofugal dwarf peak and a diastolic hepatopetal low flat shape. The flow in the affected portal vein was always hepatofugal in an intrahepatic patient, whereas a hepatopetal flow was observed in an extrahepatic APF patient. The waveform of the velocity tracing for the portal vein of CTS patients, especially its intrahepatic branches, showed a typical hump-like shape with or without a transitory hepatofugal tracing. The PW results displayed an increase in the retrograde phase of the hepatic venous flow with increased velocities in the two phases. Portal velocity tracings should be evaluated during routine detecting for APF or CTS, especially in patients with gastrointestinal upsets.Radiology and Oncology 09/2012; 46(3):198-206. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A major hepatic resection for malignancies requires an adequate post-operative liver reserve. Portal vein embolization (PVE) with intra-arterial therapy (IAT) may increase future liver remnant (FLR) hypertrophy. As such, the feasibility, safety and efficacy of IAT+PVE were investigated. Between 2000 to 2011, 86 patients with malignancy of the liver were identified from a multi-institutional database. Twenty-nine patients underwent sequential IAT+PVE, 25 had PVE alone and 32 had IAT alone. Clinicopathological data were evaluated. Most patients had hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (65.1%) and 31.4% had secondary metastatic disease. A complete or partial response using European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASLD) criteria was seen in 48.3% of patients undergoing IAT+PVE vs. 56.6% among patients undergoing IAT (P = 0.601). The median increase in percentage FLR volume was comparable in IAT+PVE (7.4%) vs. PVE only (7.9%) (P = 0.203). There were no IAT+PVE-associated deaths and only one complication. Among patients treated with IAT+PVE (n = 29), 27 underwent a subsequent hepatic resection. Peri-operative morbidity and mortality was 29.6% and 7.4%, respectively. Among the patients with HCC who underwent curative intent surgery after IAT+PVE, the median survival was 59.0 months. Sequential IAT and PVE are feasible and safe. Utilization of IAT+PVE before a resection can lead to long-term survival and should be considered in the treatment of patients with advanced hepatic malignancies.HPB 08/2012; 14(8):523-31. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) classification has recently emerged as the standard classification system for clinical management of patients with HCC. According to the BCLC staging system, curative therapies (resection, transplantation, and percutaneous ablation) can improve survival in HCC patients diagnosed at an early stage and offer potential long-term curative effects. Patients with intermediate-stage HCC benefit from transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), and those diagnosed at an advanced stage receive sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, or conservative therapy. Most patients receive palliative or conservative therapy only, and approximately 50% of patients with HCC are candidates for systemic therapy. TACE is often recommended for advanced-stage HCC patients all over the world because these patients desire therapy that is more effective than systemic chemotherapy or conservative treatment. This paper aims to summarize both the published data and important ongoing studies for TACE and to discuss technical improvements in TACE for advanced-stage HCC.The Scientific World Journal 01/2013; 2013:479805. · 1.73 Impact Factor