Interaction between O-GlcNAc Modification and Tyrosine Phosphorylation of Prohibitin: Implication for a Novel Binary Switch

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 02/2009; 4(2):e4586. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004586
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Prohibitin (PHB or PHB1) is an evolutionarily conserved, multifunctional protein which is present in various cellular compartments including the plasma membrane. However, mechanisms involved in various functions of PHB are not fully explored yet. Here we report for the first time that PHB interacts with O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine transferase (O-GlcNAc transferase, OGT) and is O-GlcNAc modified; and also undergoes tyrosine phosphorylation in response to insulin. Tyrosine 114 (Tyr114) and tyrosine 259 (Tyr259) in PHB are in the close proximity of potential O-GlcNAc sites serine 121 (Ser121) and threonine 258 (Thr258) respectively. Substitution of Tyr114 and Tyr259 residues in PHB with phenylalanine by site-directed mutagenesis results in reduced tyrosine phosphorylation as well as reduced O-GlcNAc modification of PHB. Surprisingly, this also resulted in enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation and activity of OGT. This is attributed to the presence of similar tyrosine motifs in PHB and OGT. Substitution of Ser121 and Thr258 with alanine and isoleucine respectively resulted in attenuation of O-GlcNAc modification and increased tyrosine phosphorylation of PHB suggesting an association between these two dynamic modifications. Sequence analysis of O-GlcNAc modified proteins having known O-GlcNAc modification site(s) or known tyrosine phosphorylation site(s) revealed a strong potential association between these two posttranslational modifications in various proteins. We speculate that O-GlcNAc modification and tyrosine phosphorylation of PHB play an important role in tyrosine kinase signaling pathways including insulin, growth factors and immune receptors signaling. In addition, we propose that O-GlcNAc modification and tyrosine phosphorylation is a novel previously unidentified binary switch which may provide new mechanistic insights into cell signaling pathways and is open for direct experimental examination.

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Available from: Sudharsana Rao Ande, Aug 09, 2015
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    • "Recently PHB has been identified as a substrate for Akt and it has been shown that Akt induced phosphorylation of PHB occurs at Thr 258 which is present within Akt consensus motif 254 Arg-Ser-Arg-Asn-Ile- Thr 258 (R-x-R-x-x-S/T) [20]. Interestingly Tyr 259 in PHB is present at tandem position from Akt motif and recently we have shown that PHB is also phosphorylated at this residue in response to insulin [26]. It is possible that phosphorylation of PHB at Thr 258 by Akt and at Tyr 259 by insulin receptor or other tyrosine kinases may affect each other and may have two opposing effects on insulin or other signaling pathway. "
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    ABSTRACT: Prohibitin (PHB or PHB1) is an evolutionarily conserved ubiquitously expressed multifunctional protein and is present in various cellular compartments. Phosphorylation of PHB has been suggested as one of the potential mechanisms in the regulation of its various functions however exact sites of phosphorylation remain to be determined. To better understand the functional relevance of phosphorylation of PHB, we have explored the potential sites of phosphorylation using combination of approaches including phosphoamino specific immunoblotting, proteolysis, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, phosphoamino acid analysis and site-directed mutagenesis techniques and report that tyrosine 114 (Tyr 114) in PHB is phosphorylated in response to insulin stimulation. In addition, using active insulin receptor (IR) and synthetic biotinylated PHB peptide (PHB(107-121)) we have shown that IR also phosphorylates Tyr 114 in an in vitro kinase assay. Phosphorylation of PHB at Tyr 114 was confirmed by immunoblotting using anti-phosphoTyr 114 specific antibody. Furthermore, we demonstrate that SH2 domain containing tyrosine phosphatase-1 (Shp1) co-immunoprecipitate with PHB antiserum after insulin induced phosphorylation of PHB. Biotinylated-PHB(107-121) peptide phosphorylated at Tyr 114 was also able to pull down Shp1 in pull down assays. Non-phosphorylated PHB(107-121) peptide, corresponding PHB2(121-135) peptide and Tyr114Phe mutant-PHB fail to pull down Shp1. In summary, we have identified Tyr 114 in PHB as an important site of phosphorylation and phosphorylation at this residue creates a binding site for Shp1 both in vivo and in vitro.
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