Ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding phosphoprotein (EBP50), an estrogen-inducible scaffold protein, contributes to biliary epithelial cell proliferation.
ABSTRACT Ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50) anchors and regulates apical membrane proteins in epithelia. EBP50 is inducible by estrogen and may affect cell proliferation, although this latter function remains unclear. The goal of this study was to determine whether EBP50 was implicated in the ductular reaction that occurs in liver disease. EBP50 expression was examined in normal human liver, in human cholangiopathies (ie, cystic fibrosis, primary biliary cirrhosis, and primary sclerosing cholangitis), and in rats subjected to bile-duct ligation. The regulation of EBP50 by estrogens and its impact on proliferation were assessed in both bile duct-ligated rats and Mz-Cha-1 human biliary epithelial cells. Analyses of cell isolates and immunohistochemical studies showed that in normal human liver, EBP50 is expressed in the canalicular membranes of hepatocytes and, together with ezrin and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, in the apical domains of cholangiocytes. In both human cholangiopathies and bile duct-ligated rats, EBP50 was redistributed to the cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments. EBP50 underwent a transient increase in rat cholangiocytes after bile-duct ligation, whereas such expression was down-regulated in ovariectomized rats. In addition, in Mz-Cha-1 cells, EBP50 underwent up-regulation and intracellular redistribution in response to 17beta-estradiol, whereas its proliferation was inhibited by siRNA-mediated EBP50 knockdown. These results indicate that both the expression and distribution of EBP50 are regulated by estrogens and contribute to the proliferative response in biliary epithelial cells.
Article: Cortical stabilization of beta-catenin contributes to NHERF1/EBP50 tumor suppressor function.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Anchorage-independent growth is a hallmark of tumor growth and results from enhanced proliferation and altered cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. By using gene-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), we showed for the first time that NHERF1/EBP50 (Na/H exchanger regulator factor 1/ezrin-radixin-moesin binding phosphoprotein 50), an adapter protein with membrane localization under physiological conditions, inhibits cell motility and is required to suppress anchorage-independent growth. Both NHERF1 PDZ domains are necessary for the tumor suppressor effect. NHERF1 associates directly through the PDZ2 domain with beta-catenin and is required for beta-catenin localization at the cell-cell junctions in MEFs. Mechanistically, the absence of NHERF1 selectively decreased the interaction of beta-catenin with E-cadherin, but not with N-cadherin. The ensuing disorganization of E-cadherin-mediated adherens junctions as well as the observed moderate increase in beta-catenin transcriptional activity contributed most likely to the anchorage-independent growth of NHERF1-deficient MEFs. In vivo, NHERF1 is specifically localized at the apical brush-border membrane in intestinal epithelial cells and is required to maintain a fraction of the cortical beta-catenin at this level. Thus, NHERF1 emerges as a cofactor essential for the integrity of epithelial tissues by maintaining the proper localization and complex assembly of beta-catenin.Oncogene 09/2007; 26(36):5290-9. · 6.37 Impact Factor
Article: Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 inhibits platelet-derived growth factor signaling in breast cancer cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The gene encoding Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) is a putative tumor suppressor gene that harbors frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and intragenic mutations in breast carcinoma. The exact biologic activity of NHERF1 in mammary glands, however, remains unclear. It was recently proposed that NHERF1 forms a ternary complex with platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), linking NHERF1 suppressor activity to PDGF-initiated phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K)/PTEN signaling. The effect of NHERF1 on the kinetics of PDGF-induced Akt activation was determined in cells with varied NHERF1 background. Levels of active Akt in mammary gland of NHERF1 knockout and wild-type mice were compared. We also examined how NHERF1 expression status affects cell sensitivity to PDGFR inhibitor. A plausible connection between NHERF1 and PTEN pathway was explored at the genetic level. We showed that NHERF1, through its PDZ-I domain, interacts directly with the carboxyl-terminal tail of PTEN. Knocking down NHERF1 expression in Zr75.1 cells markedly delayed the turnover of PDGF-induced phospho-Akt. Conversely, NHERF1 over-expression in MCF10A cells led to accelerated phospho-Akt degradation. The slowed decay of phospho-Akt that resulted from NHERF1 loss was evident in mouse embryonic fibroblasts isolated from NHERF1 knockout mice. In agreement with this, mammary gland tissues from these mice exhibited markedly elevated phospho-Akt. The responses of breast cancer cells to PDGFR inhibition were also altered by changes in NHERF1 expression level. Zr75.1 cells with NHERF1 knockdown were more resistant to STI-571-induced apoptosis than parental cells. Similarly, over-expression of NHERF1 rendered MCF10A cells more sensitive to STI-571. NHERF1-induced apoptotic response relies on an intact PTEN pathway; over-expression of NHERF1 in MCF10A cells with PTEN knockdown did not affect STI-571 sensitivity. It was found that NHERF1 LOH-positive breast cancer cells had reduced NHERF1 expression. Interestingly, these cells more frequently had wild-type PTEN or PI3KCA gene than the LOH-negative lines. Our data indicate that the interaction of NHERF1 with PTEN counterbalances PI3K/Akt oncogenic signaling and may affect how cells respond to PDGFR inhibition in breast cancer. The dependence of NHERF1 responses on PTEN and genetic segregation of NHERF1 and PTEN (or PI3KCA) alterations suggest that NHERF1 is an active component of the PTEN pathway. Collectively, our study indicates that the biologic activity of NHERF1 in mammary gland is related to PTEN signaling.Breast cancer research: BCR 02/2008; 10(1):R5. · 5.24 Impact Factor