A matrix reservoir for improved control of non-viral gene delivery.
ABSTRACT Non-viral gene delivery suffers from a number of limitations including short transgene expression times and low transfection efficiency. Collagen scaffolds have previously been investigated as in vitro DNA reservoirs, which allow sustained release of genetic information. Efficient viral gene-transfer from these scaffolds has previously been demonstrated. However, due to concerns about the safety of viral gene therapy, the use of non-viral vectors may be preferable. In this study a DNA-dendrimer complex embedded in a cross-linked collagen scaffold was investigated as a reservoir for non-viral delivery. Elution from the scaffolds and transfection of seeded rat mesenchymal stem cells were used to evaluate the scaffold's ability to act as a reservoir for the complexes. Elution from the scaffolds was minimal after 2 days with a total of 25% of the complexes released after 7 days. Extended transgene expression after DNA-dendrimer complex delivery from the scaffolds in comparison to direct delivery to cells was observed. The elongated transfection period and relatively high levels of reporter gene expression are significant advantages over other non-viral gene therapy techniques. This platform has the potential to be an effective method of scaffold-mediated gene delivery suitable for in vitro and in vivo applications.
SourceAvailable from: Akhilesh Gaharwar[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to develop an injectable and biocompatible hydrogel which can efficiently deliver a nanocomplex of graphene oxide (GO) and vascular endothelial growth factor-165 (VEGF) pro-angiogenic gene for myocardial therapy. For the study, an efficient non-viral gene delivery system using polyethylenimine (PEI) functionalized GO nanosheets (fGO) complexed with DNAVEGF was formulated and incorporated in the low-modulus methacrylated gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel to promote controlled and localized gene therapy. It was hypothesized that the fGOVEGF/GelMA nanocomposite hydrogels can efficiently transfect myocardial tissues and induce favorable therapeutic effects without invoking cytotoxic effects. To evaluate this hypothesis, a rat model with acute myocardial infarction was used and the therapeutic hydrogels were injected intramyocardially in the peri-infarct regions. The secreted VEGF from in vitro transfected cardiomyocytes demonstrated profound mitotic activities on endothelial cells. A significant increase in myocardial capillary density at the injected peri-infarct region and reduction in scar area was noted in the infarcted hearts with fGOVEGF/GelMA treatment compared to infarcted hearts treated with untreated sham, GelMA and DNAVEGF/GelMA groups. Furthermore, the fGOVEGF/GelMA group showed significantly higher (p < 0.05, n = 7) cardiac performance in echocardiography compared to other groups, 14 days post-injection. In addition, no significant differences were noticed between GO/GelMA and non-GO groups in the serum cytokine levels and quantitative PCR based inflammatory microRNA (miRNA) marker expressions at the injected sites. Collectively, the current findings suggest the feasibility of a combined hydrogel-based gene therapy system for ischemic heart diseases using non-viral hybrid complex of fGO and DNA.ACS Nano 07/2014; 8(8). DOI:10.1021/nn5020787 · 12.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Functionalisation of biomaterials with therapeutic moieties (proteins, drugs, genes) is a pre-requisite to tissue regeneration and restoration of function following injury or disease. However, up until now, single-factor delivery has not proven to be clinically efficacious, most likely due to the complex nature of pathological states. In this regard, strategies that respect the complex nature of disease can prove successful, paving the way for the delivery of several factors to modulate several stages of the pathology over time. Biomaterials offer opportunities to deliver multiple therapeutics in a temporal manner (multi-modal release) using a number of strategies. The importance of these strategies will be described, as well as the methodologies used to achieve multi-modal release. Furthermore, strategies to engineer more programmed and responsive biomaterials as multi-modal delivery systems will be explored.08/2014; 2(39). DOI:10.1039/C4TB00863D
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ABSTRACT: Poly(2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) coated magnetic nanoparticles (PDEA-MNPs) were synthesized as a new gene nanocarrier to delivery plasmids (pEGFPN1 and pRL-TK) into human hepatoma (Hep G2) cells. The PDEA-MNPs shows the pH-sensitive property. These nanoparticles are positively charged at acidic pH and negatively charged at neutral or alkaline pH. The PDEAMNPs exhibited a low cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. PDEA-MNPs could bind and protect DNA from DNase I degradation. The transfection study demonstrated that the PDEA-MNPs could carry plasmid into Hep G2 cells and exhibited a high gene transfection efficiency. These results indicated that the novel magnetic nanoparticles could enhance gene transfection in vitro and hold the potential to be a promising non-viral nanodevice.Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 08/2013; 18(4):648-654. DOI:10.1007/s12257-012-0720-z · 1.22 Impact Factor