Genetic Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes XRCC4 and XRCC5 and Aflatoxin B1-related Hepatocellular Carcinoma
ABSTRACT Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may influence individual variation in DNA repair capacity and may play an important role in carcinogenesis. We investigated the role of genetic polymorphisms at XRCC4 codon 247 (rs3734091, XRCC4P) and XRCC5 codon 180 (rs80309960, XRCC5P) in liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) caused by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1).
A hospital-based case-control study, including 1499 liver cancer cases and 2045 controls without any liver disease, was conducted in a high aflatoxin exposure area in the Guangxi region of China to assess the relationship between these two polymorphisms and aflatoxin-related liver cancer risk and prognosis. Genotypes, mRNA levels, and the hot-spot mutation of TP53 gene (TP53M) related to AFB1 exposure was tested using TaqMan-PCR technique. XRCC4 protein level was analyzed by immunohistochemistry.
For XRCC4P and XRCC5P, only XRCC4P modified liver cancer risk. Compared with the homozygote of XRCC4 codon 247 Ala alleles (XRCC4-AA), the genotypes of XRCC4 codon 247 Ser alleles (namely XRCC4-AS or -SS) increased liver cancer risk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.35 and 2.02, respectively). Significant interactive effects between risk genotypes (OR > 1) and aflatoxin exposure status were also observed in the joint effects analysis. Moreover, this polymorphism was associated not only with lower XRCC4 expression levels but also with higher AFB1-DNA adduct levels and increasing TP53M and portal vein tumor risk. Additionally, XRCC4P modified the recurrence-free survival and overall survival of cases, especially under conditions of high aflatoxin exposure.
XRCC4P may be a genetic modifier for the risk and outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma induced by AFB1 exposure.
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- "All cases were histopathologically confirmed. During the same period, control subjects without a history of cancer were randomly selected from a pool of healthy volunteers who visited the general health check-up center of the same hospitals because of their routine scheduled physical exams [22, 23]. To control the effects of confounders, the controls were individually matched (1 : 1 or 2 : 1) to cases based on ethnicity (Han, Minority), sex, and age (±5 years). "
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- "For survival analysis, we followed all HCC cases and more detailed follow-up information was described in our previous studies [14–16, 18]. Briefly, all patients underwent serial monitoring every 2 months for the first 2 years and semiannually thereafter for detection of any recurrence. "
ABSTRACT: MicroRNA-24 (miR-24) may be involved in neoplastic process; however, the role of this microRNA in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) related to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) has not been well elaborated. Here, we tested miR-24 expression in 207 pathology-diagnosed HCC cases from high AFB1 exposure areas and HCC cells. We found that miR-24 was upregulated in HCC tumor tissues relative to adjacent noncancerous tissue samples, and that the high expression of miR-24 was significantly correlated with larger tumor size, higher microvessel density, and tumor dedifferentiation. Additionally, this microRNA overexpression modified the recurrence-free survival (relative hazard ratio [HR], 4.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.66-8.47) and overall survival (HR = 3.58, 95% CI = 2.34-5.46) of HCC patients. Furthermore, we observed some evidence of joint effects between miR-24 and AFB1 exposure on HCC prognosis. Functionally, miR-24 overexpression progressed tumor cells proliferation, inhibited cell apoptosis, and developed the formation of AFB1-DNA adducts. These results indicate for the first time that miR-24 may modify AFB1-related HCC prognosis and tumorigenesis.04/2014; 2014:482926. DOI:10.1155/2014/482926
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ABSTRACT: MicroRNA-429 (miR-429) may modify the development and progression of cancers; however, the role of this microRNA in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been well elaborated. Here, we tested miR-429 expression in 138 pathology-diagnosed HCC cases and SMMC-7721 cells. We found that miR-429 was upregulated in HCC tumor tissues and that the high expression of miR-429 was significantly correlated with larger tumor size (odd ratio (OR), 2.70; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.28-5.56) and higher aflatoxin B1-DNA adducts (OR = 3.13, 95% CI = 1.47-6.67). Furthermore, this microRNA overexpression modified the recurrence-free survival and overall survival of HCC patients. Functionally, miR-429 overexpression progressed tumor cells proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis. These results indicate for the first time that miR-429 may modify HCC prognosis and tumorigenesis and may be a potential tumor therapeutic target.Gastroenterology Research and Practice 09/2013; 2013:804128. DOI:10.1155/2013/804128 · 1.75 Impact Factor