Article

Predictive factors of outcome in primary cervical dystonia following pallidal deep brain stimulation.

Surgical Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA.
Movement Disorders (Impact Factor: 5.63). 06/2013; DOI: 10.1002/mds.25560
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Improvement after bilateral globus pallidus internus deep brain stimulation (DBS) in primary generalized dystonia has been negatively associated with disease duration and age, but no predictive factors have been identified in primary cervical dystonia (CD).
Patients treated with bilateral globus pallidus internus DBS for primary CD from 2 DBS centers with preoperative and postoperative Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scales (TWSTRS) were studied retrospectively to explore possible predictors of response.
Patients showed significantly improved TWSTRS total and severity scores (n = 28, mean 55.6% and 50.8%, respectively, both P < .001). Patients with lateral shift at baseline had less improvement in TWSTRS severity subscores (P = .02). No correlations between outcomes and disease duration, age at dystonia onset or surgery, baseline scores, or other included variables were found.
Although this is the largest study supporting efficacy of bilateral pallidal DBS in primary CD, no major clinical predictive outcomes of surgical benefit were identified. © 2013 Movement Disorder Society.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
72 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The origin of asymmetric clinical manifestation of symptoms in patients suffering from cervical dystonia (CD) is hitherto poorly understood. Dysregulated neuronal activity in the basal ganglia has been suggested to have a role in the pathophysiology of CD. Here, we re-assessed the question to what extent relative changes occur in the direct vs. indirect basal ganglia pathway in CD, whether these circuit changes are lateralized, and how these alterations relate to CD symptoms. To this end, we recorded ongoing single cell and local field potential (LFP) activity from the external (GPe) and internal pallidal segment (GPi) of 13 CD patients undergoing microelectrode-guided stereotactic surgery for deep brain stimulation in the GPi. We compared pallidal recordings from CD patients operated under local anaesthesia (LA) with those obtained in CD patients operated under general anaesthesia (GA). In awake patients, mean GPe discharge rate (52 Hz) was lower than that of GPi (72 Hz). Mean GPi discharge ipsilateral to the side of head turning was higher than contralateral and correlated with torticollis symptom severity. Lateralized differences were absent at the level of the GPe and in recordings from patients operated under GA. Furthermore, in the GPi of CD patients there was a subpopulation of theta-oscillatory cells with unique bursting characteristics. Power and coherence of GPe- and GPi-LFPs were dominated by a theta peak and also exhibited band-specific interhemispheric differences. Strong cross-frequency coupling of low-gamma amplitude to theta phase was a feature of pallidal LFPs recorded under LA, but not GA. These results indicate that CD is associated with an asymmetric pallidal outflow. Based on the finding of symmetric neuronal discharges in the GPe, we propose that an imbalanced interhemispheric direct pathway gain may be involved in CD pathophysiology.
    Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 01/2014; 8:15.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Selective peripheral denervation (SPD) and deep brain stimulation of the globus pallidus (GPi-DBS) are available surgical options for patients with medically refractory cervical dystonia (CD). There are few data available concerning whether patients who have unsatisfactory treatment effects after primary surgery benefit from a different type of subsequent surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether combining these surgical procedures (SPD plus GPi-DBS) was effective in patients with unsatisfactory treatment effects after their initial surgery. Forty-one patients with medically refractory idiopathic CD underwent SPD and/or GPi-DBS. Patients who were dissatisfied with their primary surgery (SPD or GPi DBS) elected to subsequently undergo a different type of surgery. These patients were assessed with the Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS). SPD alone and GPi-DBS alone were performed in 16 and 21 patients, respectively. Four patients had unsatisfactory treatment effects after the initial surgery and subsequently underwent another type of surgery. Among them, two patients with persistent dystonia after SPD subsequently underwent GPi-DBS, and two other patients who had insufficient treatment effects following GPi-DBS were subsequently treated with SPD. All of these patients experienced sustained improvement from the combined surgical procedures according to the TWSTRS score during a long-term follow-up of 12-90 months. Patients with unsatisfactory treatment effects after an SPD or GPi-DBS experienced improvement from subsequently undergoing other types of surgery. Therefore, combined surgical procedures are additional surgical options with good outcomes in the treatment of patients with residual symptoms after their initial surgery.
    Acta Neurochirurgica 12/2014; · 1.79 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Treatment of dystonia refractory to oral medications or botulinum toxin injections includes the use of deep brain stimulation (DBS). Expectations should be established based on patient-related factors, including type of dystonia, genetic cause, target symptoms, age at the time of surgery, disease duration, or the presence of fixed skeletal deformities. Premorbid conditions such as psychiatric illness and cognitive impairment should be considered. Target selection is an emerging issue in DBS for dystonia. Although efficacy has been established for targeting the globus pallidus internus for dystonia, other brain targets such as the subthalamic nucleus, thalamus, or cortex may be promising alternatives.
    Neurosurgery clinics of North America 01/2014; 25(1):59-75. · 1.73 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
8 Downloads
Available from
Sep 19, 2014