A sensitive LC/MS/MS assay of 25OH vitamin D3 and 25OH vitamin D2 in dried blood spots.
ABSTRACT Low levels of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) during early development is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. While a number of methods exist to measure 25OHD in sera, none have been specifically developed to examine dried blood spots (DBS).
We describe an assay where 25 hydroxyvitamin D(3) (25OHD3) and 25 hydroxyvitamin D(2) (25OHD2) are extracted from 3.2 mm DBS punches, derivatised with 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) prior to analysis with LC/MS/MS. We assessed assay precision, relative accuracy and examined the impact of storage conditions in samples stored for up to 22 years.
The new assay had good accuracy and precision, and was highly sensitive, being capable of detecting <1 nmol/l 25OHD3 and 2 nmol/l 25OHD2. CDER sensitivity criteria were slightly higher at 7.7 nmol/l for 25OHD3 and 10.7 nmol/l for 25OHD2. The mean 25OHD3 concentration in 118 archived DBS was 20.8+/-11.4, (4.8 to 67.8 nmol/l). 25OHD2 was detected in only two of these samples. 25OHD3 concentrations were significantly higher in DBS collected in summer compared to winter (p<0.0001).
Both 25OHD3 and 25OHD2 can be reliably quantified in archived 3.2 mm dried blood spots. We can not be certain that the levels we measure in archived samples are exactly the same as when they were collected. However, the fact that the DBS levels reflect the well-known seasonal variation in this vitamin and when corrected for sera, values fall within the normal range for 25OHD3, means that DBS are a useful tissue repository for testing a range of hypotheses linking developmental hypovitaminosis D and adverse health outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the work was to develop and validate a method for the quantification of vitamin D metabolites in serum using ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and to validate a high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC/HRMS) approach against a tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) approach using a large clinical sample set. A fast, accurate and reliable method for the quantification of the vitamin D metabolites, 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 (25OH-D2) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OH-D3), in human serum was developed and validated. The C3 epimer of 25OH-D3 (3-epi-25OH-D3) was also separated from 25OH-D3. The samples were rapidly prepared via a protein precipitation step followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE) using an HLB μelution plate. Quantification was performed using both LC/MS/MS and LC/HRMS systems. Recovery, matrix effect, inter- and intra-day reproducibility were assessed. Lower limits of quantification (LLOQs) were determined for both 25OH-D2 and 25OH-D3 for the LC/MS/MS approach (6.2 and 3.4 µg/L, respectively) and the LC/HRMS approach (2.1 and 1.7 µg/L, respectively). A Passing & Bablok fit was determined between both approaches for 25OH-D3 on 662 clinical samples (1.11 + 1.06x). It was also shown that results can be affected by the inclusion of the isomer 3-epi-25OH-D3. Quantification of the relevant vitamin D metabolites was successfully developed and validated here. It was shown that LC/HRMS is an accurate, powerful and easy to use approach for quantification within clinical laboratories. Finally, the results here suggest that it is important to separate 3-epi-25OH-D3 from 25OH-D3. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 01/2013; 27(1):200-6. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common among otherwise healthy pregnant women and may have consequences for them as well as the early development and long-term health of their children. However, the importance of maternal vitamin D status on offspring health later in life has not been widely studied. The present study includes an in-depth examination of the influence of exposure to vitamin D early in life for development of fractures of the wrist, arm and clavicle; obesity, and type 1 diabetes (T1D) during child- and adulthood.Methods/design: The study is based on the fact that in 1961 fortifying margarine with vitamin D became mandatory in Denmark and in 1972 low fat milk fortification was allowed. Apart from determining the influences of exposure prior to conception and during prenatal life, we will examine the importance of vitamin D exposure during specific seasons and trimesters, by comparing disease incidence among individuals born before and after fortification. The Danish National databases assure that there are a sufficient number of individuals to verify any vitamin D effects during different gestation phases. Additionally, a validated method will be used to determine neonatal vitamin D status using stored dried blood spots (DBS) from individuals who developed the aforementioned disease entities as adults and their time and gender-matched controls. DISCUSSION: The results of the study will contribute to our current understanding of the significance of supplementation with vitamin D. More specifically, they will enable new research in related fields, including interventional research designed to assess supplementation needs for different subgroups of pregnant women. Also, other health outcomes can subsequently be studied to generate multiple health research opportunities involving vitamin D. Finally, the results of the study will justify the debate of Danish health authorities whether to resume vitamin D supplementation policies.BMC Public Health 05/2013; 13(1):515. · 2.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Propranolol, a non-selective beta blocker drug, is used in young infants and newborns for treating several heart diseases; its pharmacokinetics has been extensively evaluated in adult patients using extrapolation to treat pediatric population. The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate a method to measure propranolol levels in dried blood spots. The analysis was performed by using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry operating in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The calibration curve in matrix was linear in the concentration range of 2.5-200μg/L with correlation coefficient r=0.9996. Intra-day and inter-day precisions and biases were less than 8.0% (n=10) and 11.5% (n=10) respectively. The recoveries ranged from 94 to 100% and the matrix effect did not result in a severe signal suppression. Propranolol on dried blood spot showed a good stability at three different temperatures for one month. This paper describes a micromethod for measuring propranolol levels on dried blood spot, which determines a great advantage in neonates or young infants during pharmacokinetic studies because of less invasive sampling and small blood volume required.Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis 02/2013; 78-79C:34-38. · 2.45 Impact Factor