[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kt/V is the main index of adequacy for diffusive and diffusive‐convective methods of extracorporeal depuration, yet there exists no universally acceptable validation of an adequacy index for the solely convective methods such as haemofiltration (HF). The aim of the present study is to analyse which of the parameters of adequacy used in two multicentre HF studies, Kt/V for urea or infusion volume, correlate best with nutritional parameters and can therefore be utilized for the evaluation of treatment dose in on‐line pre‐dilution HF. Twenty‐three clinically stable patients were enrolled in the first study [3 months of haemodialysis (HD)+3 months of HF]. In the second study, 24 stable patients were studied in three phases: 6 months in HF, 6 months in HD and a further 6 months in HF; in this study, a target of Kt/V=1.2 in all three periods was pre‐established: 15 patients completed the full study. In both studies, we utilized the same monitor (AK 100/200 Ultra, Gambro), the same membrane (polyamide) and the same on‐line prepared ultrapure dialysis fluid and sterile infusion solution. In both studies, we ensured that HF fulfilled the following parameters of adequacy: urea kinetics, cardiovascular and blood pressure stability (better in HF than in HD), common haematochemical and nutritional parameters, reduction in β 2 -microglobulin levels, a good intra- and extra‐session clinical outcome, and a good quality of life with morbidity and mortality rates no different from those of HD. HF proved to be an efficacious method of ensuring adequate depuration and a good quality of life for uraemic patients. We have shown that in longer periods of HF, a notable correlation between Kt/V and normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) and an equally good correlation between total ultrafiltration (UF)/dry weight ratio and nPCR could be achieved. In both studies, the patients showed a good level of epuration adequacy when total UF per session was at least 1.3 times the dry body weight. The total UF/body weight ratio thus seems to be an easy method in HF because of its greater ease of predictability and measurement, also when it is used independently of the Kt/V index.
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