A review of faith-based HIV prevention programs.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Division of Public Health, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.
Journal of Religion and Health (Impact Factor: 1.02). 04/2009; 48(1):6-15. DOI: 10.1007/s10943-008-9171-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT HIV disproportionately affects people of color, suggesting a need for innovative prevention programs and collaborations as part of prevention efforts. African Americans have close ties to the church and faith-based organizations. African American faith communities were slow to address HIV prevention, but in recent years, they have become more involved in such activities. This study reviews the empirical literature on faith-based HIV prevention programs among African American populations. Several successful faith-based/public health collaborations are identified, and the limitations and strengths of faith-based prevention programs are discussed. Recommendations are provided for developing effective faith-based/public health collaborations.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The African American church is a community-based organization that is integral to the lives, beliefs, and behaviors of the African American community. Engaging this vital institution as a primary setting for HIV testing and referral would significantly impact the epidemic. The disproportionately high HIV incidence rate among African Americans dictates the national priority for promotion of early and routine HIV testing, and suggests engaging community-based organizations in this endeavor. However, few multilevel HIV testing frameworks have been developed, tested, and evaluated within the African American church. This article proposes one such framework for promoting HIV testing and referral within African American churches. A qualitative study was employed to examine the perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to understanding involvement in church-based HIV testing. A total of four focus groups with church leaders and four in-depth interviews with pastors, were conducted between November 2012 and June 2013 to identify the constructs most important to supporting Philadelphia churches' involvement in HIV testing, referral, and linkage to care. The data generated from this study were analyzed using a grounded theory approach and used to develop and refine a multilevel framework for identifying factors impacting church-based HIV testing and referral and to ultimately support capacity building among African American churches to promote HIV testing and linkage to care.
    AIDS PATIENT CARE and STDs 02/2015; 29(2):69-76. DOI:10.1089/apc.2014.0160 · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective To assess the barriers and facilitators to using African American churches as sites for implementation of evidence-based HIV interventions among young African American women.DesignMixed methods cross-sectional design.SettingAfrican American churches in Philadelphia, PA.Participants142 African American pastors, church leaders, and young adult women ages 18 to 25.Methods Mixed methods convergent parallel design.ResultsThe majority of young adult women reported engaging in high-risk HIV-related behaviors. Although church leaders reported willingness to implement HIV risk-reduction interventions, they were unsure of how to initiate this process. Key facilitators to the implementation of evidence-based interventions included the perception of the leadership and church members that HIV interventions were needed and that the church was a promising venue for them. A primary barrier to implementation in this setting is the perception that discussions of sexuality should be private.Conclusion Implementation of evidence-based HIV interventions for young adult African American women in church settings is feasible and needed. Building a level of comfort in discussing matters of sexuality and adapting existing evidence-based interventions to meet the needs of young women in church settings is a viable approach for successful implementation.
    Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 08/2014; 43(5). DOI:10.1111/1552-6909.12494 · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To reduce current HIV disparities among African American youth, it is imperative to find effective ways to extend the reach of evidence-based HIV prevention. One promising community resource to support this effort is faith-based organizations (FBOs), a credible and respected resource in the African American community. This paper describes the experiences, perceptions, and challenges that African American FBOs and faith leaders face in engaging in adolescent HIV prevention and highlights facilitators and barriers to implementing HIV prevention in African American FBOs. The findings suggest that African American FBOs and faith-based leaders are uniquely positioned to be instrumental resources in reducing African American youth HIV disparities.
    Journal of Religion and Health 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10943-014-9932-1 · 1.02 Impact Factor