Premature ventricular contractions originating from the right ventricular outflow tract: three-dimensional distribution of the target sites and their electrocardiographic characteristics.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology (Impact Factor: 2.37). 03/2009; 36(8):834-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2009.05154.x
Source: PubMed


1. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) premature ventricular contractions and the three-dimensional distribution of the target sites. 2. Thirty-three consecutive patients were included in the study. The target sites were identified by non-contact mapping and confirmed by successful ablation. The distribution of the target sites in the three-dimensional reconstructed geometry of the RVOT was classified in three directions: (i) anterior (A)/posterior (P); (ii) free wall (F)/septal (Se); and (iii) superior (Su)/inferior (I). The ECG characteristics were then analysed according to the three-dimensional distribution of the target sites. 3. The following indices were helpful to identify the position of the target site: (i) QRS duration (> or = 150 msec = F; < 150 msec = Se; P < 0.05); (ii) the R wave pattern in the inferior leads (RR' or Rr' = F; R = Se; P < 0.05); (iii) the R wave amplitude in the inferior leads (high = Se; low = F; P < 0.05); (iv) the initial r wave width in lead V(1) (wide = F; narrow = Se; P < 0.05); (v) the QS wave amplitude in aVR and aVL (if aVR < aVL, A; if aVR > or = aVL, P; P < 0.05); and (vi) the initial r wave amplitude in lead V(1) and V(2) (if V(1) > or = 0.15 mV and V(2) > or = 0.3 mV, Su; if V(1) < 0.15 mV or V(2) < 0.3 mV, I; P < 0.05). 4. In conclusion, the ECG characteristics were associated with target site locations in all three directions.

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