Infant feeding and growth

Department of Nutrition and Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616-8669, USA
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Impact Factor: 1.96). 02/2009; 639:57-66. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-8749-3_5
Source: PubMed


It is well documented that the growth patterns of breast-fed and formula-fed infants differ significantly. In industrialised
countries, formula-fed infants generally grow more rapidly than breast-fed infants. In developing countries, the opposite
may be observed, due to high rates of infection associated with bottle-feeding in environments with poor sanitation. This
paper will focus on the former situation, where infant growth is largely unconstrained by environmental factors. The questions
to be addressed are: a) how do growth patterns differ between breast-fed and formula-fed infants, b) how does energy intake
differ between breast-fed and formula-fed infants, c) what are the potential explanations for differences in energy intake
and growth by feeding mode d) what are the long-term consequences of differences in early growth?

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