Article

Metal nano-grid reflective wave plate.

Dept. Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2, Canada.
Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.53). 03/2009; 17(4):2871-9. DOI: 10.1364/OE.17.002871
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We propose an optical wave plate using a metal nano-grid. The wave plate operates in reflection mode. A single-mode truncated modematching theory is presented as a general method to design such nano-grid wave plates with the desired phase difference between the reflected TM and TE polarizations. This analytical theory allows angled incidence calculations as well, and numerical results agree-well with comprehensive finite-difference time-domain electromagnetic simulations. Due to the subwavelength path-length, the reflective wave plate is expected to have improved broad-band functionality over existing zero-order transmissive wave plates, for which an example is provided. The proposed wave plate is simple and compact, and it is amenable to existing nanofabrication techniques. The reflective geometry is especially promising for applications including liquid-crystal displays and laser feedback experiments.

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