Controversies in appendicitis.

Department of Surgery, The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.
Surgical Infections (Impact Factor: 1.87). 01/2009; 9(6):553-8. DOI: 10.1089/sur.2008.9954
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Appendectomy for appendicitis is a common operation that is performed by most general surgeons. Despite the large number of appendectomies, numerous management controversies continue.
Review of the pertinent English language literature.
Controversy persists regarding the use of imaging studies for diagnosis, laparoscopic vs. open surgical methods, nonoperative management of uncomplicated appendicitis, delayed management of the patient with phlegmon from severe appendicitis, the necessity for interval appendectomy, and the merits of deferral of off-hour appendectomy until the following morning. This review identifies the published reports that support the pros and cons of each controversy.
Class I data generally are lacking to support the resolution of these controversies. Additional well-controlled clinical trials are necessary to obtain definitive answers.

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