Cross-cultural validation of a smoking abstinence self-efficacy scale in Korean American men.
ABSTRACT The main purpose of the study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Smoking Abstinence Self-Efficacy Scale with Korean men in the US. The scale was modified to reflect the Korean cultural practice of smoking behavior and was cross-culturally validated with a panel of 10 professionals. An 11-item Korean version of the scale was administered twice over a one-month period. Data were analyzed for internal consistency reliability, stability, and construct validity. After the deletion of one item, an exploratory factor analysis yielded two factors, which explained 62% of the variance. Internal consistency was satisfactory for the total scale (.89), Factor I (.88), and Factor II (.80) but intraclass correlation coefficient for the total scale (.57) was low. Nicotine dependence and nicotine withdrawal showed modest but statistically significant correlations with the scale.
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ABSTRACT: This study explored Korean American women’s experiences with smoking and tested the theory of planned behavior to identify factors associated with their intentions to quit smoking. It employed a mixed-methods research design, using qualitative and quantitative data. Participants were recruited via a combination of random (N = 49) and convenience (N = 45) sampling techniques. Women in this study initiated smoking at age of 23 on average, and nearly half smoked at indoor houses. They initiated smoking out of curiosity about the effect and belief that smoking would relieve their stress. Reasons for continued smoking were (a) to avoid nicotine withdrawal symptoms, (b) to cope with life stressors, including acculturative stress, and (c) to fulfill one’s destiny as a lifetime smoker. Many attempted to quit due to health issues and pregnancy. Fear of disclosure and limited English proficiency were found to be major barriers to seeking help for quitting. Past-year quit attempt(s), attitudes toward quitting, and perceived family norm favoring quitting explained 25% of the variance in intentions to quit smoking ( 𝐹 [ 3 , 9 0 ] = 1 1 . 5 8 , 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ). Findings suggest that gender- and culture-specific intervention strategies are needed to assist Korean American women in smoking cessation.08/2013; 2013. DOI:10.1155/2013/796570
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ABSTRACT: This paper presents a miniaturized piezoresistive six-degree of freedom (6DOF) accelerometer utilizing a highly symmetric quad-beam structure with symmetrically bonded identical two seismic masses. The FEM simulations of static and modal analysis were performed to optimize structural parameters and analyze the mechanical response at accelerations of different directions. The accelerometer is capable of measuring three components of linear acceleration and three components of angular acceleration on three orthogonal axes up to ±10 g in the frequency bandwidth of 300 Hz. Comparison of the obtained experimental results and finite element simulation shows good agreement. The sensor is ideal for use in biomechanical research applications such as study of human gesture recognition systems.Sensors, 2004. Proceedings of IEEE; 11/2004
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic and critical review of research articles on Asian American psychology that were published in 2009. A search using PsycINFO led to the identification of 134 articles, and each of these articles were evaluated in terms of its topic areas, research methodology, and findings. The results showed that the articles covered a wide array of topics, including acculturation and enculturation, adoptees, career, counseling and clinical issues, educational experiences, families, health and health-related behaviors, identity, immigrants and refugees, interpersonal relationships, lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender/intersex/questioning, masculinity, older adults, personality, politics, psychopathology, racism, spirituality, stress and coping, violence, women, and youths. A summary of articles within these topics areas are provided. In addition, various characteristics of this body of literature are presented with their implications for future research.12/2010; 1(4). DOI:10.1037/a0022157