Gender Differences in the Colorado Stroke Registry

Colorado Stroke Alliance and Colorado Neurological Institute, Engelwood, Colorado, USA.
Stroke (Impact Factor: 5.72). 03/2009; 40(4):1078-81. DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.108.541730
Source: PubMed


Gender differences in stroke are matters of increasing interest. The American Stroke Association's patient management tool, Get with the Guidelines-Stroke (GGS) is widely used to increase adherence to quality indicators in stroke care, but it also provides an opportunity to analyze gender differences in the acute stroke setting.
We used a state-wide database, based on GGS, to explore gender differences in stroke in Colorado. We analyze demographics, risk factors, lifestyles, treatments, and responses to treatment.
Of 126 data elements examined, statistically significant gender differences were noted for 47 (37%). As compared to men, women in Colorado were older and more significantly impacted by acute stroke. Risk factor profiles differed between the 2 genders, with men having a higher incidence of coronary artery disease, dyslipidemia, diabetes, carotid stenosis and tobacco smoking, while women had a higher incidence of atrial fibrillation and hypertension. Lipids were less aggressively treated and antithrombotics were less commonly used in women. Overall, acute stroke treatment of women appeared "less aggressive" than for men.
GGS may be used not only for quality improvement initiatives in individual hospitals. It can also give an overview of clinical aspects of stroke at a state level, and may shed light on gender differences.

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    • "Stroke is the major cause of adult disability worldwide.1,2 Although it is known that there are gender differences in various factors of stroke, such as risk factors, clinical manifestations, mortalities, and functional outcomes, they have received attention only recently.3-5 Gender differences in stroke are worthy of investigation because female stroke patients-who have a higher prevalence of stroke due to a longer life expectancy-will be a greater burden to our society than male stroke patients.6 "
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