Multi-frequency imaging of the galaxy cluster Abell 2163 using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect

02/2009; DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200911746
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We used the APEX-SZ and LABOCA bolometer cameras on the APEX telescope to map the decrement of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect at 150 GHz and the increment at 345 GHz toward the galaxy cluster Abell 2163. The SZE images were used to model the radial density and temperature distribution of the ICM, and to derive the gas mass fraction in the cluster under the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium. We used the isothermal beta model to fit the SZE decrement/increment radial profiles. We performed a simple, non-parametric de-projection of the radial density and temperature profiles, in conjunction with XMM-Newton X-ray data, under the simplifying assumption of spherical symmetry. We combined the peak SZE signals derived in this paper with published SZE measurements of this cluster to derive the cluster line-of-sight bulk velocity and the central Comptonization, using priors on the ICM temperature. We find that the best-fit isothermal model to the SZE data is consistent with the ICM properties implied by the X-ray data, particularly inside the central 1 Mpc radius. Although the assumptions of hydrostatic equilibrium and spherical symmetry may not be optimal for this complex system, the results obtained under these assumptions are consistent with X-ray and weak-lensing measurements. This shows the applicability of the simple joint SZE and X-ray de-projection technique described in this paper for clusters with a wide range of dynamical states. (Abridged) Comment: 14 pages, 9 figures. To appear in A&A. Sections 4 and 5 updated


Available from: Florian Pacaud, Jun 15, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: High-resolution imaging of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect opens new possibilities for testing the presence of various high-energy particle populations in clusters of galaxies. A detailed X-ray analysis of the 'Bullet cluster' (1E 0657-56) with Chandra has revealed the presence of additional X-ray spectral components beyond a simple, single-temperature plasma in its X-ray spectra. X-ray methods alone are insufficient to elucidate the origins of these spectral components. We show that the morphology and magnitude of the SZ effect at high frequencies are critically dependent upon the mechanism by which the additional X-ray spectra are created. We examine the differences between the predicted SZ effect emission maps at 600 GHz assuming the X-ray spectra are composed of thermal gas with a steep power-law index component and also thermal gas with a significant contribution of strongly heated gas. A two-temperature model with a hot (kT ≃ 30-40 keV) second component is the most consistent with existing SZ data at high frequencies. However, significant morphological differences remain. High-angular-resolution SZ intensity maps at high frequencies in combination with deep X-ray data provide a new window into understanding particle energization processes in the hottest, massive merging galaxy clusters.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 11/2012; 426(3):2291-2299. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21842.x · 5.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect provides a useful probe of cosmology and structure formation in the Universe. Recent years have seen rapid progress in both quality and quantity of its measurements. In this review, we overview cosmological and astrophysical implications of recent and near future observations of the effect. They include measuring the evolution of the cosmic microwave background radiation temperature, the distance-redshift relation out to high redshifts, number counts and power spectra of galaxy clusters, distributions and dynamics of intracluster plasma, and large-scale motions of the Universe.
    04/2014; 2014(6). DOI:10.1093/ptep/ptu055
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    ABSTRACT: The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect is a spectral distortion of the cosmic microwave background as observed through the hot plasma in galaxy clusters. This distortion is a decrement in the CMB intensity for lambda > 1.3 mm, an increment at shorter wavelengths, and small again by lambda ~250 um. As part of the Herschel Lensing Survey (HLS) we have mapped 1E0657-56 (the Bullet cluster) with SPIRE with bands centered at 250, 350 and 500 um and have detected the SZ effect at the two longest wavelengths. The measured SZ effect increment central intensities are Delta I_{0} = 0.097 +- 0.019 MJy sr^{-1} at 350 um and Delta I_{0} = 0.268 +- 0.031 MJy sr^{-1} at 500 um, consistent with the SZ effect spectrum derived from previous measurements at 2 mm. No other diffuse emission is detected. The presence of the finite temperature SZ effect correction is preferred by the SPIRE data at a significance of 2.1 sigma, opening the possibility that the relativistic SZ effect correction can be constrained by SPIRE in a sample of clusters. The results presented here have important ramifications for both sub-mm measurements of galaxy clusters and blank field surveys with SPIRE. Comment: Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics (Herschel special issue)