The effect of a high-intensity interval training program on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in young men.
ABSTRACT This study examined the impact of an 8-week program of high-intensity interval training on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), and the atherogenic index (TC/HDL-C) in 36 untrained men ages 21-36 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an interval training group (n = 20) or a control group (n = 16). Participants in the experimental group performed 3.2 km of interval running (1:1 work:rest ratio) 3 times a week for 8 weeks at an intensity of 90% of maximal heart rate ( approximately 423 kcal per session). Results indicated significant pre- to posttraining changes in HDL-C (1.1 vs. 1.3 mmolxL, p < 0.0001) and TC/HDL-C (3.8 vs. 3.1, p < 0.0001) but no significant changes in TC (3.9 vs. 3.8 mmolxL, p > 0.05) with interval training. It was concluded that an 8-week program of high-intensity interval training is effective in eliciting favorable changes in HDL-C and TC/HDL-C but not TC in young adult men with normal TC levels. Our findings support the recommendations of high-intensity interval training as an alternative mode of exercise to improve blood lipid profiles for individuals with acceptable physical fitness levels.
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ABSTRACT: Data regarding the effect of training on plasma lipids are controversial. Most studies have addressed continuous or long intermittent training programs. The present study evaluated the effect of short-short high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) on aerobic capacity and plasma lipids in soccer players.Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine 01/2014; 5:243-8. DOI:10.2147/OAJSM.S68701
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ABSTRACT: Aim. To examine the impact of interval training program on the antioxidant defense capability and lipid profile in men smoking cigarettes or hookah unable or unwilling to quit smoking. Methods. Thirty-five participants performed an interval training (2 : 1 work : rest ratio) 3 times a week for 12 weeks at an intensity of 70% of VO2max. All subjects were subjected to a biochemical test session before and after the training program. Results. The increase of total antioxidant status (TAS), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and α-tocopherol, is significant only for cigarette smokers (CS) and hookah smokers (HS) groups. The decrease of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the increase of glutathione reductase (GR) are more pronounced in smokers groups compared to those of nonsmokers (NS). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) increases in NS, CS, and HS groups by 10.1%, 19.5%, and 13.3%, respectively (P < 0.001). Likewise, a significant improvement of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and TC/HDL-C ratio was observed in CS and HS groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion. Although the interval training program does not have a significant effect on blood lipid levels, it seems to be very beneficial in the defense and prevention programs of oxidative stress.01/2015; 2015:639369. DOI:10.1155/2015/639369
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ABSTRACT: Many investigators have screened drugs and foods for the enhancement of endurance capacity and antifatigue. Mistletoe, a semiparasitic plant on various deciduous trees, has many known biological activities, including anticancer, anti-diabetes, antioxidant, and anti-cardiovascular disease effects. In a previous study, Korean mistletoe extract (KME) was reported to increase endurance capacity in mice. However, whether the administration of KME further enhances exercise performance, when combined with exercise training, was not investigated. In this study, we demonstrate that the administration of KME decreases the level of plasma lactate dehydrogenase, parameter of tissue damage and muscle fatigue when combined with exercise training. Exercise training increases the muscular glycogen and plasma free fatty acid (FFA) level, and KME administration in sedentary mouse group increases the plasma FFA level, indicating that KME administration alters the energy resources in muscle. In addition, KME administration enhances the exercise performance in sedentary mouse group, but did not further enhance exercise performance when combined with exercise training, suggesting that KME could be an excellent mimetic of exercise.Animal cells and systems the official publication of the Zoological Society of Korea 01/2014; 18(1). DOI:10.1080/19768354.2014.881917 · 0.35 Impact Factor