Multicenter Phase II Study of Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin in Combination with Vinorelbine as First-Line Treatment in Elderly Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer
ABSTRACT This multicenter phase II trial was conducted to analyze the clinical activity and toxicity of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and vinorelbine as first-line treatment in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer.
From August 2002 to August 2004, 42 patients with metastatic breast cancer were recruited for treatment with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin 40 mg/m(2) intravenously (i.v.) on day 1 and vinorelbine 30 mg/m(2) i.v. on days 1 and 15 every 4 weeks.
The median age of the patients in this trial was 68 years (range 60-82). 40% of patients had 2 or more sites of metastasis, 33 (78%) had predominantly visceral metastasis, and 7 (16%) mostly bone metastasis. Just 2 (5%) patients had only lymphogenous or soft tissue metastasis. All patients had an ECOG performance status of 0-1, but 70% of the patients had relevant comorbidities. In an intention-to-treat analysis, the overall clinical response rate was 36%, the complete response rate was 2%, and the rate of partial remissions was 34%; stable disease occurred in 30%, and progressive disease was observed in 36%. Median duration of response was 10 months. Median time to progression was 4 months, and median overall survival time was 24 months.
The combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and vinorelbine is an active and well tolerated regimen in elderly patients with metastatic breast cancer in first-line treatment.
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ABSTRACT: Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (Caelyx™, Doxil®) represents an improved formulation of conventional doxorubicin, with reduced cardiotoxicity and an improved pharmacokinetic profile. This article reviews the efficacy and tolerability of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in metastatic breast cancer, progressive ovarian cancer, relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma, as well as summarizing its pharmacological properties. In three randomized, open-label, multicentre trials, monotherapy with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin was as effective as doxorubicin or capecitabine in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer, and as effective as vinorelbine or combination mitomycin plus vinblastine in taxane-refractory metastatic breast cancer. Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin alone was as effective as topotecan or gemcitabine alone in patients with progressive ovarian cancer resistant or refractory to platinum- or paclitaxel-based therapy, according to the results of three randomized multicentre trials. In addition, in patients with progressive ovarian cancer who had received prior platinum-based therapy, progression-free survival was significantly longer with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin plus carboplatin than with paclitaxel plus carboplatin, according to the results of a randomized, open-label multicentre trial. Combination therapy with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin plus bortezomib was more effective than bortezomib alone in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to the results of a randomized, open-label, multinational trial. Randomized multinational trials also demonstrated the efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in patients with advanced AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin exhibited a relatively favourable safety profile compared with conventional doxorubicin and other available chemotherapy agents. The most common treatment-related adverse events included myelosuppression, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia and stomatitis, although these are manageable with appropriate supportive measures. To conclude, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin is a useful option in the treatment of various malignancies, including metastatic breast cancer, ovarian cancer, multiple myeloma and AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.Drugs 12/2011; 71(18):2531-58. DOI:10.2165/11207510-000000000-00000 · 4.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background We conducted a multicenter prospective trial to assess tolerability and activity of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in women ≥ 70 years with locally-advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Patients and Methods All patients underwent Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment (MGA). Frail patients were excluded. Normal cardiac function was required for inclusion. A bi-weekly schedule of PLD at 20 mg/mq was adopted. Results Thirty-two patients were enrolled with a median age of 78 years, 78.1% with visceral involvement, and 37.6% previously treated with chemotherapy for advanced disease. A mean of 7.8 cycles were delivered (range 1 to 20), with a median cumulative dose intensity of 8.9 mg/m2/week. Grade 3–4 toxicities were anemia (6.3%), palmar–plantar erythrodysesthesia (6.3%), mucositis (6.3%), infection (3.1%), and pulmonary embolism (3.1%). No cardiac events were registered. Causes of treatment interruption were maximal response (15.6%), progression (40.6%), refusal/loss to follow-up (28.1%), toxicities (9.4%), or other (6.3%). Response was obtained in 33.3% of 27 evaluable patients; median time to progression (TTP) was 10.3 months. MGA status (vulnerable vs. fit) did not have an impact on response, progression, and toxicity. Conclusions Bi-weekly PLD is well tolerated in both fit and vulnerable patients, with an apparently fairly good response rate and TTP (possibly biased by subsequent endocrine therapy and loss to follow-up). Close observation of patients is recommended in order to avoid early refusal/loss to follow-up.Journal of Geriatric Oncology 10/2013; 4(4):340–345. DOI:10.1016/j.jgo.2013.07.004 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female malignancy in the world and almost one third of cases occur after 70 years of age. Optimal management of BC in the elderly is a real challenge and requires a multidisciplinary approach, mainly because the elderly population is heterogeneous. In this review, we describe the various possibilities of treatment for localized or metastatic BC in an aging population. We provide an overview of the comprehensive geriatric assessment, surgery, radiotherapy, and adjuvant therapy for early localized BC and of chemotherapy and targeted therapies for metastatic BC. Finally, we attempt to put into perspective the necessary balance between the expected benefits and risks, especially in the adjuvant setting.Clinical Interventions in Aging 01/2015; 10:157. DOI:10.2147/CIA.S50670 · 1.82 Impact Factor