Epidemiology of dermatophytoses in Sfax, Tunisia.
ABSTRACT The distribution of dermatophytes varies in different countries and geographical areas depending on several factors. To determine the frequency of aetiological agents and the clinical variants of dermatophytoses, we carried out a study between 1998 and 2007. Out of 25 432 subjects suspected to have superficial mycoses, 9960 (39.2%) were affected with dermatophytoses; 14957 positive samples were obtained. The mean age was 35.7 years (range: 21 days to 97 years). Sex ratio was 0.9. Our patients were from urban regions in 81.9% of cases. The most common type of infection was onychomycosis (30.3%), followed by tinea pedis (24.8%), intertrigo (21.7%), tinea corporis (11.4%) and tinea capitis (9.6%). Fifteen patients had generalised dermatophytosis. Hadida and Schousboe disease was diagnosed in one case with lethal evolution. The most isolated dermatophyte was Trichophyton rubrum (74.5%), followed by T. violaceum (7.9%), T. mentagrophytes (7.5%), Microsporum canis (3.8%), Epidermophyton floccosum (0.7%) and T. verrucosum (0.54%). Other species were occasionally isolated: T. schoenleinii, T. tonsurans, M. audouinii and M. ferrugineum. The prevalence of dermatophytoses remains high in our country (996 cases/year). Trichophyton rubrum is the predominant causal agent. However, zoophilic agents become more prevalent. Epidemiological surveys are an essential tool for developing strategies for infection control.
Article: Cutaneous mycoses in children.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article describes common cutaneous mycoses in children: mucocutaneous candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor, tinea corporis, tinea pedis, onychomycosis and tinea capitis. Topical therapy is effective in tinea corporis and pedis, pityriasis versicolor and cutaneous candidiasis. It is ineffective in tinea capitis, in immunocompromised children and onychomycosis. Griseofulvin has been the main treatment until now in children, but it is only fungistatic, may cause interactions and has to be given for long periods. Ketoconazole has not been widely accepted for use in children because of hepatotoxicity and it is not an effective as griseofulvin. There are few data on paediatric use of fluconazole, although it is available in liquid form, has an excellent safety profile and may become important for treating paediatric mycoses. Similarly, there are only limited data on itraconazole in this area, with most experience in tinea capitis. There is only a 100-mg capsule available, which is not easy to administer in paediatric dosages. All azoles have the potential for drug interaction. Most experience in the treatment of children with the allylamine, terbinafine, has been in tinea capitis. A treatment time of 4 weeks with terbinafine and 8 weeks with griseofulvin has produced similar results at 12 weeks. There are also limited data on the use of terbinafine in paediatric onychomycosis. Terbinafine has the best safety profile, least risk of drug interactions and may be the most suitable alternative to griseofulvin in children. The lack of a liquid formulation may preclude its use. Itraconazole and fluconazole are also potential replacement drugs for griseofulvin.British Journal of Dermatology 07/1996; 134 Suppl 46:7-11: discussion 37-8. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The epidemiology of human dermatophytes was studied in northern Finland in 1982-90. The samples were analysed at the Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Oulu. The total number of samples was 17,822, of which 3185 (18%) were positive. The annual number of samples and positive cultures remained relatively constant. Trichophyton rubrum was the most common species being isolated from 2101 samples (66% of all positive cultures), while Trichophyton mentagrophytes was isolated from 815 samples (26%) and Epidermophyton floccosum from 193 samples (6%). T. verrucosum caused an epidemic among cattle keepers in 1987-90, causing 47 infections. Microsporum canis, T. terrestre and T. violaceum were rare. The same species affected both children and adults. There was a tendency towards a decrease in tinea in the groin and a slight increase in tinea pedis. T. rubrum and T. mentagrophytes occurred most frequently in patients aged 41-45 years and as foot infections. E. floccosum usually affected the toe web and the groin in patients aged 21-25 years, more often infecting men. Fifty-four per cent of all positive samples came from men and 46% from women.Mycoses 01/1995; 38(9-10):411-4. · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Over a 12-year period, from 1987 to 1998, the spectrum of aetiological agents isolated from 11208 patients (6265 females and 4943 males) suspected of having dermatomycosis was analysed in the mycological laboratory of the Department of Dermatology, Charles University, Prague. The most frequently examined locations were toenails (34.9%), feet (15.6%), fingernails (12.8%), toe webs (11%), trunk (10%) and hands (8.7%). Dermatophytes were isolated from 5605 (30.2%) of all 18528 samples examined. Among dermatophytes, the most common infectious agent was Trichophyton rubrum (90.2%) followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (6.6%), Microsporum canis (1.8%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (1.4%). Trichophyton verrucosum, Microsporum persicolor and Microsporum gypseum were rare. During this 12-year period the pattern of aetiological agents of dermatomycoses in Prague was relatively stable.Mycoses 01/2002; 44(11-12):493-6. · 1.28 Impact Factor