Lower urinary tract symptoms and their impact on quality of life after successful renal transplantation.
ABSTRACT To investigate lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and their impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients having undergone renal transplantation (RTX).
Forty-three patients (25 males and 18 females; age 20-68 years) undergoing RTX at Hokkaido University Hospital were included in this study. Median follow-up after RTX was 41 months (range 6-184). Pre-transplant dialysis had been carried out in 38 patients (median: 4.3 years, range: 1 month-31 years). All patients were assessed by uroflowmetry (UFM), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), 24 h bladder diary, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). QOL score and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) were used for the assessment of LUTS-related QOL.
Mean fluid intake volume and urine output volume for 24 h were 2136 mL (1150-3430 mL) and 2446 mL (1336-4733 mL), respectively. Voiding dysfunction assessed by UFM and PVR was observed in 12 patients (28%) showing higher IPSS. QOL score and overall QOL in KHQ were not different between patients with and without voiding dysfunction. Although 19 (49%) had polyuria, 20 (51%) had nocturnal polyuria, which affected nocturia in IPSS as well as sleep/energy disturbances in KHQ compared with patients without nocturnal polyuria.
Patients having RTX frequently present voiding dysfunction and nocturia basically caused by nocturnal polyuria. We should focus on LUTS in these patients to provide an appropriate management.
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ABSTRACT: Historically, urologists were the primary surgeons in renal transplantation. Specialization and increased complexity of the field of transplantation, coupled with a de-emphasis of vascular surgical training in urology, has created a situation where many renal transplants are carried out by surgeons with a general surgery background. Because of its genitourinary nature, however, urological input in renal transplantation is still vital. For living donors, a urologist should be involved to help evaluate and prepare certain patients for eventual donation. This could involve both medical and surgical intervention. Additionally, urologists who carry out living donor nephrectomy maintain a sense of ownership in the renal transplant process and provide a unique opportunity to the trainees of that particular program. For renal transplant recipients, preoperative evaluation of voiding dysfunction and other genitourinary anomalies might be necessary before the transplant. Also, occasional surgical intervention to prepare a patient for renal transplant might be necessary, such as in a patient with a small renal mass that is detected by a screening pretransplant ultrasound. Intraoperatively, for patients with complex urological reconstructions that might be related to the etiology of the renal failure (urinary diversion, bladder augmentation), a urologist who is familiar with the anatomy should be available. Postoperatively, urological evaluation and intervention might be necessary for patients who had a pre-existing urological condition or who might have developed something de novo after the transplant. Although renal transplant programs could consult an on-call urologist for particular issues on an as-needed basis, having a urologist, who has repeated exposure to the particular issues and procedures that are involved with renal transplantation, and who is part of a dedicated multidisciplinary renal transplant team, provides optimal quality of care to these complex patients.International Journal of Urology 03/2011; 18(3):185-93. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Priming can influence preferences. In this experiment, we extend this idea by using watermark visual primes. On a restaurant menu cart, primes related to the sea, countryside (or no prime) were used with alone diners in a restaurant. The results show that, compared to the control no-prime condition, primes related to the sea significantly increased the consumption of fish dishes whereas primes related to the countryside did not significantly increase the consumption of meat dishes.International Journal of Hospitality Management - INT J HOSP MANAG. 06/2012;