Development of a risk and resilience-based out-of-school time program for children and youths
ABSTRACT Out-of-school time (OST) programs offer a unique opportunity to provide educational supports to high-risk children and youths.The authors describe the utility of applying principles of risk and resilience to the development and evaluation of an OST program. Academic outcomes among participants at the Bridge Project, an OST program located in three urban public housing communities, are presented to illustrate a risk and resilience approach to service delivery. Implications for practice and research are delineated.
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ABSTRACT: The current study evaluated associations between attending a community-based youth program, neighborhood problems, and child depressive symptoms in a sample of 147 children (mean [M] age=8.22 years, 54.4% male). Findings suggested that both program attendance and neighborhood problems were uniquely associated with child depressive symptoms while also considering the variance associated with child delinquency, such that high levels of attendance and low levels of neighborhood problems were associated with low levels of depressive symptoms. Furthermore, a marginally statistically significant trend (p<.06) for program attendance to buffer the effects of neighborhood problems on child depressive symptoms was found. Implications for findings are discussed. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Journal of Community Psychology 08/2011; 39(7):804 - 814. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using a risk and resilience approach, this study examined the impact of participation in Boys & Girls Clubs on reducing vulnerability and problem behaviors among 297 youths aged 9 to 16Â years of age. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationships among the observed indicators of Club participation and poor self-concept and the latent constructs of vulnerability and problem behaviors. Results indicate that participation in Boys & Girls Clubs had a small, but significant relationship with a decrease in poor self-concept. Poor self-concept was in turn directly related to increased vulnerability; and increased vulnerability was related to increased problem behaviors. These findings point to the importance of Boys & Girls Clubs and other youth development organizations in promoting positive self-concepts to help decrease vulnerability and problem behaviors among program participants.Children and Youth Services Review 01/2010; 32(5):672-678. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify types of early adolescents living in public housing neighborhoods based on patterns of resilient development. Informed by ecological-transactional theory, we evaluated a broad range of individual, relational, and contextual influences on resilient development among an ethnically di-verse sample of 315 early adolescents (M age = 12; 51% female) living in public housing neighborhoods. Re-sults of a latent class analysis of 11 indicators and 2 outcome variables suggest three empirically derived classes representing overall patterns of favorable and unfavorable behavior. Daily hassles, low neighborhood cohesion, and a relaxed attitude towards substance use corresponded with a higher probability of substance use and delinquency. Significant differences in favorable behavior patterns reflecting resilient development between classes were found in attitudes towards substance use, academic efficacy, and school commitment. Results suggest important implications for preventive interventions for early adolescents living in public housing neighborhoods that are discussed.Children and Youth Services Review 12/2012; 35(1):82-90. · 1.27 Impact Factor