Article

Antioxidant capacity, total phenolics and nutritional content in selected ethiopian staple food ingredients.

Department of Post-Harvest Management, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University , P.O. Box 307, Jimma , Ethiopia and.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Impact Factor: 1.26). 06/2013; DOI: 10.3109/09637486.2013.806448
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract The total antioxidant capacity, total phenolics content (TPC) and nutritional content of five types of enset (Enset ventricosum) flour in comparison with four staples (teff [Eragrostis tef], wheat, corn and tapioca) were evaluated. Teff, corn and "amicho" (corm of enset) had the highest ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). The FRAP and TPC of teff (1.8 mmol Trolox equivalence/100 g dry matter (DM) and 123.6 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g DM, respectively) were over 4-fold larger than the lowest obtained from "bulla" (dehydrated juice of pseudostem of enset). Corn had the lowest IC50 value of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging (10.27 mg DM mL(-1)). Teff had the highest crude fat content (3.71%) and some mineral profile (P, Mg, Mn and Cu). Enset products had higher fiber, Ca, K, Mg and Mn content as compared to wheat and corn. Ethiopian staple teff has a potential for developing value-added food products with nutritional and health benefits.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
172 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The antioxidant properties of galloyl quinic derivatives isolated from Pistacia lentiscus L. leaves have been investigated by means of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance spectroscopy (EPR) and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Antioxidant properties have been also estimated using the biologically relevant LDL test. The scavenger activities of gallic acid, 5-O-galloyl, 3,5-O-digalloyl, 3,4,5-O-trigalloyl quinic acid derivatives, have been estimated against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, superoxide (O2) radical, and hydroxyl (OH) radical. On the whole, the scavenger activity raised as the number of galloyl groups on the quinic acid skeleton increased. The half-inhibition concentrations (IC50) of di- and tri-galloyl derivatives did not exceed 30 microM for all the tested free radicals. All the tested metabolites strongly reduced the oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), following a trend similar to that observed for the scavenger ability against OH radical.
    Free Radical Research 05/2003; 37(4):405-12. · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polyphenolic antioxidants from dietary sources are frequently a topic of interest due to widespread scientific agreement that they may help lower the incidence of certain cancers, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, and DNA damage and even may have antiaging properties. On the other hand, questions still remain as to whether some antioxidants could be potentially harmful to health, because an increase in glycation-mediated protein damage (carbonyl stress) has been reported in some cases. Nevertheless, the quest for healthy aging has led to the extensive use of phytochemically derived antioxidants to disrupt age-associated deterioration in physiological function and to prevent many age-related diseases. Although a diet rich in the polyphenolic forms of antioxidants does seem to offer hope in delaying the onset of age-related disorders, it is still too early to define their exact clinical benefit for treating age-related disease. This review critically examines polyphenolic antioxidants, such as flavonoids, curcumene, and resveratrol in health, disease, and aging with the hope that a better understanding of the many mechanisms involved with these diverse compounds may lead to better health and novel treatment approaches for age-related diseases.
    Rejuvenation Research 12/2010; 13(6):631-43. · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Antioxidant foods and ingredients are an important component of the food industry. In the past, antioxidants were used primarily to control oxidation and retard spoilage, but today many are used because of putative health benefits. However, the traditional message that oxidative stress, which involves the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is the basis for chronic diseases and aging is being reexamined. Accumulating evidence suggests that ROS exert essential metabolic functions and that removal of too many ROS can upset cell signaling pathways and actually increase the risk of chronic disease. It is imperative that the food industry be aware of progress in this field to present the science relative to foods in a forthright and clear manner. This may mean reexamining the health implications of adding large amounts of antioxidants to foods.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 06/2011; 59(13):6837-46. · 2.91 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
199 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014