Differential Influences of Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy on Plasma Nesfatin-1 and Obestatin Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
ABSTRACT Objective: The mechanisms by which bariatric surgeries, including gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), achieve remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and sustained weight reduction are unknown. We hypothesized that the novel anorexic hormone nesfatin-1 and another new hormone obestatin might contribute to the marked improvement in glycemic homeostasis and weight loss in diabetics after GB and SG. Methods: A hospital-based, prospective study was conducted. Overnight fasting plasma concentrations of nesfatin-1 and obestatin were analyzed in T2DM patients before surgery, and at 3 and 12 months after laparoscopic GB (n =12) and SG (n = 6). Results: At 12 months, reductions of body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose, and glycated hemoglobin were similar between GB and SG groups (P all > 0.05). Plasma nesfatin-1 levels in patients undergoing GB or SG significantly decreased after surgeries (P both < 0.05). In contrast, plasma obestatin concentrations significantly increased in patients after SG (P < 0.05) but without any alteration after GB. The alterations of plasma nesfatin-1 were significantly and negatively associated with the reduction of fasting blood glucose (P < 0.05) at 12 months after GB and SG. In the SG group, the reduction of nesfatin-1 significantly and positively correlated with the decrease of BMI (P < 0.05).Conclusions: GB and SG produce differential influences with regards to circulating nesfatin-1 and obestatin levels in non-morbidly obese, T2DM patients. Circulating nesfatin-1 may modulate glucose homeostasis in two surgical procedures, and participate in regulating body weight in SG.
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ABSTRACT: We aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy on weight control by different bariatric surgeries and investigate the ghrelin and obestatin changes after these surgeries in obesity and nonobese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats. Obese rats were randomly assigned to receive sleeve gastrectomy (SG, n = 8), minigastric bypass (MGBP, n = 8), roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP, n = 8), and sham operation (SO, n = 4). Another 4 rats served as control. Besides, Goto-Kakisaki (GK) rats were also randomly divided into similar groups except for total gastrectomy (TG, n = 8) group. The results showed that in obese rats, weigh loss in RYGBP group was similar to that in MGBP group but larger than that in SG group. Ghrelin significantly increased in RYGB group, but obestatin increased in MGBP group. Ghrelin/obestatin ratio significantly decreased in SG group. In GK rats, weight loss was most obvious in TG group. Postoperatively, ghrelin was significantly increased in MGBP and RYGB groups but decreased in TG group. Obestatin also showed an increase in MGBP and RYGB groups. Ghrelin/obestatin in TG group decreased significantly. In conclusion, RYGB and MGBP may be more suitable for obese rats, but TG may be the best strategy for T2DM rats to control weight with different mechanisms.Journal of Diabetes Research 01/2014; 2014:569435. DOI:10.1155/2014/569435 · 3.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Obesity and its associated diseases are a worldwide epidemic disease. Usual weight loss cures - as diets, physical activity, behavior therapy and pharmacotherapy - have been continuously implemented but still have relatively poor long-term success and mainly scarce adherence. Bariatric surgery is to date the most effective long term treatment for morbid obesity and it has been proven to reduce obesity-related co-morbidities, among them nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and mortality. This article summarizes such variations in gut hormones following the current metabolic surgery procedures. The profile of gut hormonal changes after bariatric surgery represents a strategy for the individuation of the most performing surgical procedures to achieve clinical results. About this topic, experts suggest that the individuation of the crosslink among the gut hormones, microbiome, the obesity and the bariatric surgery could lead to new and more specific therapeutic interventions for severe obesity and its co-morbidities, also non surgical.
Obesity Surgery 08/2014; 24(11). DOI:10.1007/s11695-014-1399-3 · 3.74 Impact Factor