Cross-cultural Validation of a Disease-specific Patient-reported Outcome Measure for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Canada.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: The LupusPRO, a disease-targeted patient-reported outcome measure, was developed and validated in US patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report the results of the cross-cultural validation study of the English version of the LupusPRO among patients in Canada with SLE. METHOD: The LupusPRO was administered to English-speaking Canadian patients with SLE. Demographic, clinical, and serological characteristics were obtained, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) and LupusPRO were administered. Disease activity was ascertained using the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SELENA-SLEDAI) and the Lupus Foundation of America definition of flare (Yes/No). Damage was assessed using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI). Physician disease activity and damage assessments were also ascertained using visual analog scales. A mail-back LupusPRO form was completed within 2-3 days of the index visit. Items tested were internal consistency reliability (ICR), test-retest reliability (TRT), convergent and discriminant validity (against corresponding domains of the SF-36), criterion validity (against disease activity or health status), and known-groups validity. RESULTS: Participants were 123 Canadian patients with SLE (94% women); mean age was 47.7 (SD 14.8) years. The median (interquartile range) SELENA-SLEDAI and SDI were 4 (6) and 1 (3), respectively. The ICR of the LupusPRO domains ranged from 0.60 to 0.93, while the TRT range was 0.62-0.95. Measures observed were convergent and discriminant validity with corresponding domains of SF-36, criterion validity, and known-groups validity against disease activity, damage, and health status. Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit. CONCLUSION: The LupusPRO has fair psychometric properties among Canadian patients with SLE, and prospective studies to establish minimally important difference are continuing.
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ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that has major implications for health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Improvements in the monitoring and management of SLE improves survival; however, improvement of HRQoL remains of paramount importance among these patients. Measurement of HRQoL has been recommended in clinical practice and research including drug development and testing in clinical trials. Both generic and disease specific instruments have been developed to ascertain HRQoL. In an increasingly global collaborative environment, the importance of assessing HRQoL across nations, acknowledgment of their confounders, and limitations of used instruments are critical. Here, we review selected major developments in the past 5 years highlighting: the importance of measuring HRQoL in SLE patients, the benefits and limitations of instruments that exist, and their application in research settings.Current Rheumatology Reports 12/2013; 15(12):380.