Coding polymorphisms in Casp5, Casp8 and DR4 genes may play a role in predisposition to lung cancer.
ABSTRACT Apoptosis plays a role in the elimination of DNA-damaged cells thus protecting the host from cancer development. Some data indicate that normal variations within the sequence of apoptotic genes may lead to suboptimal apoptotic capacity and therefore increased cancer risk. We tested 19 coding apoptotic gene SNPs in 2-stage molecular epidemiological study. For the preliminary sorting of SNP candidates, we employed a "comparison of extremes" approach, where 111 patients with highly pronounced LC susceptibility (non-smokers or young-onset light smokers) were analyzed against 110 subjects with the evidence for LC tolerance (elderly tumor-free heavy smokers). Three genotypes demonstrated possible association with LC risk (Leu/Leu-homozygotes for Casp5 Val318Leu versus other genotypes: OR=2.47 (95% CI: 1.07-5.69), p=0.03; His-carriers for Casp8 His302Asp: OR=2.26 (95% CI: 1.18-4.31), p=0.02; Arg-carriers for DR4 Lys441Arg: OR=1.89 (95% CI: 1.05-3.40), p=0.03), and therefore were selected for the validation. The extended study included 2 case-control series, namely subjects from Russia (351 LC cases and 538 controls) and Moldova (296 LC cases and 295 controls). Interestingly, all three candidate genotypes consistently demonstrated OR above 1 both in Russian and in Moldovian groups. Although the combined Mantel-Haenszel analysis yet failed to reach statistical significance (OR=1.22 (95% CI: 0.90-1.65), p=0.21; OR=1.17 (95% CI: 0.92-1.50), p=0.21; OR=1.19 (95% CI: 0.95-1.51), p=0.14, respectively), the obtained data indicate that Casp5, Casp8 and DR4 gene polymorphisms may deserve consideration in large-scale case-control studies of LC risk modifiers.
Article: Distribution of coding apoptotic gene polymorphisms in women with extreme phenotypes of breast cancer predisposition and tolerance.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Comparison of subjects with extreme phenotypes of cancer susceptibility and tolerance allows to detect low-penetrance gene-disease interactions with a relatively small study size. We analyzed the distribution of 19 coding apoptotic gene polymorphisms (Bid Gly10Ser; Casp2 Leu141Val; Casp5 Ala90Thr and Val318Leu; Casp7 Glu255Asp; Casp8 His302Asp; Casp9 Val28Ala, His173Arg and Arg221Gln; Casp10 Ile479Leu; Faim Thr117Ala and Ser127Leu; DR4 Arg141His, Thr209Arg, Ala228Glu and Lys441Arg; Survivin Lys129Glu; TNFR1 Gln121Arg; XIAP Pro423Gln) in 121 breast cancer patients with clinical features of a hereditary predisposition (family history and/or early onset and/or bilaterality) and 142 elderly tumor-free women. None of the individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) demonstrated an association with breast cancer risk. The analysis of gene interactions revealed that the combination of XIAP Pro423Gln (rs5956583) AA genotype with Casp7 Glu255Asp (rs2227310) CG genotype appeared to prevail in "supercases" relative to "supercontrols" (25/121 [21%] vs 11/142 [8%], P = 0.002). We attempted to validate this association in the second round of case-control analysis, which involved 519 randomly selected breast cancer patients and 509 age-matched healthy women, but no difference was detected upon this comparison. Coding apoptotic gene polymorphisms do not play a major role in BC predisposition. The results of this investigation may be considered while designing future studies on breast cancer-associated candidate SNPs.Tumori 97(2):248-51. · 0.86 Impact Factor