Article

Heat transfer to air–water annular flow in a horizontal pipe

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
International Journal of Multiphase Flow (Impact Factor: 1.94). 01/2006; 32(1):1-19. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2005.09.001

ABSTRACT Two-phase air–water flow and heat transfer in a 25mm internal diameter horizontal pipe were investigated experimentally. The water superficial velocity varied from 24.2m/s to 41.5m/s and the air superficial velocity varied from 0.02m/s to 0.09m/s. The aim of the study was to determine the heat transfer coefficient and its connection to flow pattern and liquid film thickness. The flow patterns were visualized using a high speed video camera, and the film thickness was measured by the conductive tomography technique. The heat transfer coefficient was calculated from the temperature measurements using the infrared thermography method. It was found that the heat transfer coefficient at the bottom of the pipe is up to three times higher than that at the top, and becomes more uniform around the pipe for higher air flow-rates. Correlations on local and average Nusselt number were obtained and compared to results reported in the literature. The behavior of local heat transfer coefficient was analyzed and the role of film thickness and flow pattern was clarified.

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